Most likely, you have been told about the process of cloning. Cloning is an exact copy of genetics. It could be a clone of a gene cell, or an organism. It can even be a human. While cloning humans poses ethical dilemmas that are not legal in most countries, the gene cloning process is ongoing
Digestive System Of Frog Frogs’ digestive tract includes the alimentary canal , or digestive tract as well as the digestive glands. The system consists of digestive glands and the alimentary canal. The alimentary canal processes like digestion, absorption, and mastication occur. the digestive glands create enzymes that cause the digestion of the food item that
What are food additives? According to the Food Safety Standard Authority of India (FSSAI). Food additive may be defined as any substance not normally consumed as a food by itself or used as a typical ingredient of the food, whether or not it has nutritive value, the intentional addition of which to food for a
Efferent and afferent neurons refer to various types of neurons that form the motor and sensory parts of the peripheral nerve system, and vice versa. Neurons are excitable electrically which function as the functional and structural part of the nervous system. A neuron’s typical structure is comprised of a cell body which is made up
The term "yeast", which is similar to mold, is often used, but it can be difficult to define. It refers to fungi that are not filamentous, but unicellular, ovoid, or spheroid, and can reproduce by budding and fission. Yeasts can be beneficial or harmful to foods. Yeast fermentations play a role in the production of bread, wine, vinegar, and...
What are Molds? Foods with mold growth, which can sometimes be colored and fuzzy or cottony appearance, are common to all. Foods moldy or “mildewed,” are usually unfit for consumption. Although molds can cause spoilage in many foods, some molds can be used to make certain food or ingredient. Some types of cheese can be
Interactions between microorganisms, animals, and plants are constant and natural. The ecological function of microorganisms and their role in the various biochemical cycles of nature are clearly documented. The human food supply is primarily composed of animals and plants or products that are derived from them, it's reasonable to assume that the food we consume may contain microorganisms that...
Soil contain different types of microorganisms which are listed below; Bacteria: Bacteria is the key soil workforce. They are the last stage in the process of breaking down nutrients before releasing them into the root zone of the plant. In fact, they are the final stage of breaking down nutrients. Food and Agriculture Organization once
Immunodiffusion refers to the movement of antigen or antibody within the gel. Add the reactants to the wells. They diffuse to the area of lower/no concentration. A gradient of the reactants' concentration forms as they diffuse into the gel. Immunoprecipitation takes place in a region with an equivalent concentration of both the antibody and antigen. This is represented by...
What is Asexual Reproduction? There are animals that are born with two parents. Some animals can come from a single parent. For instance, the Komodo dragon, as an instance is the only one with one mother and reproduces through parthenogenesis. Sexual reproduction is the process of generating offspring from only one parent. Are there male
1. Microbial Ecology: Fundamentals and Applications (4th Edition) 4th Edition by Ronald M. Atlas (Author), Richard Bartha (Author) Staying current in a discipline where advances are defined by methodological developments can be a challenge – that’s why more people choose Microbial Ecology over any other resource available. The fourth edition features enhanced coverage of hot
From shortly after birth to death, the skin and mucous membranes are home to a diverse microbial fauna. The average human body contains 1013 cells and harbors 1014 bacteria. This is the normal microbial population. The normal microbial fauna is stable. During certain times in a person’s life, specific genera may populate different body regions.
The process of growing an organism in the surface of a medium is known as culture. The food source that supports the development of the organism is known as a culture medium. The media for culture are designed so that the organism will receive all the nutrition requirements. However, the media for culture are made in laboratories by weighing...
It is the science of studying the interactions between light and matter , where the emission and absorption of the light radiations by the material are investigated and assessed. The focus of spectroscopy is the dispersion of light as well as other radiations caused by the object, which allows the examination of the various characteristics that the objects.
The nitrocefin biochemical test is a sensitive technique for detecting beta-lactamase-producing strains of N. gonorrhoeae, H. influenzae, Staphylococcus spp, Enterococcus spp, and Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis. Nitrocefin is the only reliable test for detecting beta-lactamase-producing Enterococcus spp.
Microbiology laboratories require well-built rooms that are equipped with tools, glassware and equipment. Test tubes, culture tubes, Petri dishes and Erlenmeyer flasks are the most important types of glassware in a microbiological lab.
Tris-SDS Buffer (pH 6.8) is used to prepare buffer for stacking gel during SDS-PAGE (SDSPolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis). It is a discontinuous gel with a huge pores size to concentrate proteins prior to entering the separating zone. The buffer is sold in a 5X stock.