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Flashcard on Urea Cycle

The urea cycle, also known as the ornithine cycle, is a series of biochemical reactions in the liver that convert ammonia, which is highly toxic, into urea for excretion by the kidneys. This cycle plays a crucial role in removing excess nitrogen, derived from amino acid catabolism, from the body. The main steps of the … Read more

Flashcard on Bright Field Microscope

A bright field microscope is a common optical microscope that uses transmitted light to observe specimens, producing a bright background. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “Base: The sturdy bottom providing stability and support.”, “Illuminator: Emits light that passes through the specimen.”, “Condenser: Focuses and concentrates light onto the … Read more

Flashcard on DNA Replication

DNA replication is the biological process by which an identical copy of a DNA molecule is produced, ensuring that genetic information is accurately passed on during cell division. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “DNA-dependent DNA Polymerase: Central to the replication process, facilitates polymerization, orchestrating the synthesis of the … Read more

Flashcard on Hot Air Oven

A hot air oven is a laboratory or industrial instrument designed for various thermal processes, primarily sterilization. It uses dry heat to raise the temperature of its enclosed chamber, making it an effective tool for decontaminating and sterilizing equipment, glassware, and other objects. Hot air ovens are widely used in fields such as healthcare, research, … Read more

Flashcard on Viva Questions & Answers on Spectrophotometer

A spectrophotometer is a scientific instrument used to measure how much a substance absorbs or transmits light at various wavelengths, providing valuable information about the substance’s properties, concentration, or composition. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “A UV-Visible Spectrophotometer is an analytical instrument that measures the absorbance or transmittance … Read more

Flashcard on Types of Spectrophotometer

A spectrophotometer is a scientific instrument used to measure how much a substance absorbs or transmits light at various wavelengths, providing valuable information about the substance’s properties, concentration, or composition. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “UV-Visible Spectrophotometer: Utilizes light in the UV (185-400 nm) and visible (400-700 nm) … Read more

Flashcard on pH Meter Viva Questions & Answers

A pH meter is an instrument designed to measure the acidity or alkalinity of a solution by determining its pH value, which quantifies the concentration of hydrogen ions in the solution. It is a crucial tool in scientific, industrial, and environmental applications for assessing the level of acidity (low pH), neutrality (pH 7), or alkalinity … Read more

Flashcard on PH Meter 

A pH meter is an instrument designed to measure the acidity or alkalinity of a solution by determining its pH value, which quantifies the concentration of hydrogen ions in the solution. It is a crucial tool in scientific, industrial, and environmental applications for assessing the level of acidity (low pH), neutrality (pH 7), or alkalinity … Read more

Flashcard on Water Bath Parts

A water bath is a laboratory equipment used for the precise heating and maintenance of samples or substances in a container, immersed in a temperature-controlled water-filled chamber, ensuring uniform and controlled temperature conditions for various scientific and industrial applications. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “Container or Tank Bath: … Read more

Flashcard on Autoclave Parts

An autoclave is a specialized device that uses high temperature and pressure to sterilize equipment, materials, and substances, effectively killing microorganisms and preventing the spread of infections. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “Lid/Door: The lid or door of an autoclave is the access point for placing materials inside … Read more

Flashcard on Autoclave Viva Questions Answer

An autoclave is a specialized device that uses high temperature and pressure to sterilize equipment, materials, and substances, effectively killing microorganisms and preventing the spread of infections. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “An autoclave is primarily used for the sterilization of equipment and materials using moist heat under … Read more

Flashcard on Parts of a Microscope and Their Functions

A microscope is a scientific instrument that enables the magnified observation and study of objects, specimens, or materials at a level of detail not visible to the naked eye. It achieves this by using lenses and illumination to produce highly magnified images, revealing intricate structures and features for scientific, medical, or educational purposes. Microscopes come … Read more

Flashcard on Glycolysis

Glycolysis is a cellular metabolic pathway that breaks down glucose into simpler molecules, producing energy in the form of ATP and NADH in the cytoplasm of the cell. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway that breaks down glucose into two molecules of pyruvate, producing … Read more

Flashcard on Bile Solubility Test

The bile solubility test is a biochemical assay used to differentiate Streptococcus pneumoniae from other alpha-hemolytic Streptococci based on the lysis of bacterial cells in the presence of specific bile salts. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “The bile solubility test is primarily used to differentiate *Streptococcus pneumoniae* from … Read more

Flashcard on Ribosome

Ribosome: Cellular structure responsible for protein synthesis by decoding genetic information in mRNA and catalyzing the formation of peptide bonds between amino acids. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “A ribosome is a cellular structure responsible for protein synthesis in cells.”, “Ribosomes can be found in both the cytoplasm … Read more

Flashcard on ATP

ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) is a molecule that serves as the primary energy currency of cells, providing the energy required for various biochemical processes. It consists of an adenine base, a ribose sugar, and three phosphate groups and releases energy when its high-energy phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed to form ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate) or AMP (Adenosine Monophosphate). … Read more

Flashcard on DNA Structure

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) is a molecule that stores and transmits genetic information in living organisms, serving as the instructions for the development, functioning, and reproduction of cells and organisms. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “The double helix is the three-dimensional structure of DNA, resembling a twisted ladder. It … Read more

Flashcard on RNA

RNA (Ribonucleic Acid) is a molecule that, like DNA, plays a crucial role in genetic information transfer and various cellular processes. It is typically single-stranded and involved in tasks such as protein synthesis and gene regulation. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “RNA (Ribonucleic Acid) is a molecule similar … Read more

Flashcard on DNA

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) is a molecule that stores and transmits genetic information in living organisms, serving as the instructions for the development, functioning, and reproduction of cells and organisms. Advertisements ↻ 🔀 ◀ ▶ ⛶ 🔊 Advertisements const answers = [ “DNA is a molecule that contains the genetic instructions necessary for the growth, development, … Read more

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