Virology is the study of viruses and virus-like agents, including (but not limited to) their taxonomy, disease-producing properties, cultivation and genetics.


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Diagnostic Techniques of Viruses – Molecular and Immunological Techniques

The most common cause for human disease is viral infections. Millions are still dying from viral infections, including hepatitis...

Nov 14 · 11 min read >

Antiviral Chemotherapy

Vaccines have so far held the center position in efforts to stop viruses. They are inexpensive and secure, and...

Nov 14 · 21 min read >

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Recommended Books for microbiology by expertise. All these books are Recommended for B.Sc and Msc students.

Types of Vaccines With Examples

Scientists use a variety of methods for making vaccines. They are based on research on the diseases (caused by...

Nov 13 · 4 min read >

How Are Vaccines Made?

A typical vaccine has an ingredient that resembles the microorganism that causes illness and is typically made from weak...

Nov 13 · 5 min read >

Viral Immunology

Viruses are extremely immunegenic and cause two kinds of immune responses: the humoral and the cellular. The range of specificities...

Nov 13 · 7 min read >

Viral Spread and Organ Invasion of Virus

The local spread of the infection within the epithelium happens when the virus is released and infects adjacent cells....

Nov 13 · 6 min read >

Viral Entry Into The Host Body

Viral entry is the first phase of infection in the viral life cycle when the virus is in contact...

Nov 12 · 4 min read >

Viral Pathogenesis Definition, Mechanisms, Factors

Pathogenesis refers to the process by which infection by viruses causes illness. Thus, it is a description of the...

Nov 12 · 10 min read >

Viral Replication Cycle – Definition, Steps, Mechanisms

Viral replication is the process of forming of biological viruses in the course of the infection process within the...

Nov 12 · 17 min read >

Animal Cell Culture Types, Application, Advantages and disadvantages.

Tissue Culture is the term used to describe the process of removing tissues, cells or organs from either a...

Nov 6 · 10 min read >

One Step Growth Curve of Virus

The One Step Growth Curve was first described by Max Delbriick and Emory Ellis in 1939 and started modern...

Jun 27 · 3 min read >

Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infections

Diagnosis of viral infections Laboratory diagnosis of viral infections is a complex process. There are present three types of...

Sep 21 · 5 min read >

Viroids Definition, Infection, Structure, Examples, Diagnostic, Origin, Disease.

Viroids Definition In 1971, a plant pathologist named  Theodor Otto Diener first discovered the Viroids. He found an acellular...

Sep 16 · 3 min read >

Baltimore classification System of Viruses

The virus uses the host’s complete system for protein translation because they lack translational machinery. Hence, the Baltimore classification...

Sep 14 · 4 min read >

Viral Life Cycle: Steps of Viral Infection

Introduction In our daily life, we are thinking about Viral Infection and their symptoms, when we get infected by...

Sep 11 · 4 min read >

Virus Structure and Application, Origin, Definition, Characters, and Example.

Introduction It is estimated that there is approximately 10^31 virus on earth, which is over ten million times more...

Sep 7 · 7 min read >
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