Difference Between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

MN Editors

Difference Between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Follow previous articles:

Difference Between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
Difference Between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
Word Guess Challenge
Only 1% of users are able to solve this challenge.

Guess the word hidden in this story

Difference Between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Cell TypeSingle-cellMulticellular
Cell Size0.5-3um2-100um
Cell WallCell wall present, comprise of peptidoglycan or mucopeptide (polysaccharide).Usually cell wall absent, if present (plant cells and fungus), comprises of cellulose (polysaccharide).
Number of chromosomesOne–but not true chromosome: PlasmidsMore than one
Ribosome Subunits70s80s
Ribosomes Sizesmallerlarger
Shape of DNACircular, double-stranded DNA.Linear, double-stranded DNA.
Presence of NucleusWell-defined nucleus is absent, rather ‘nucleoid’ is present which is an open region containing DNA.A well-defined nucleus is present enclosed within nuclear memebrane.
Cell ComplexitySimplerMore complex
MicrotubulesAbsent or rarePresent
Golgi ApparatusAbsentPresent
Endoplasmic ReticulumAbsentPresent
Mode of ReproductionAsexualMost commonly sexual
Transcription and TranslationOccurs together.Transcription occurs in nucleus and translation in cytosol.
Chloroplast(Absent) scattered in the cytoplasm.Present in plants, algae.
Lysosomes and PeroxisomesAbsentPresent
Genetic RecombinationPartial, undirectional transfers DNAMeiosis and fusion of gametes
FlagellaSubmicroscopic in size, composed of only one fiberMicroscopic in size; membrane bound; usually arranged as nine doublets surrounding two singlets
Permeability of Nuclear Membranenot presentSelective
Plasma membrane with steroidUsually noYes
DNA wrapping on proteins.Multiple proteins act together to fold and condense prokaryotic DNA. Folded DNA is then organized into a variety of conformations that are supercoiled and wound around tetramers of the HU protein.Eukaryotes wrap their DNA around proteins called histones.
Cell DivisonBinary Fission,
(conjugation, transformation, transduction)
OrganellesOrganelles are not membrane bound, if present any.Organelles are membrane-bound and are specific in function.
ReplicationSingle origin of replication.Multiple origins of replication.
Number of ChromosomesOnly one (not true called as a plasmid).More than one.
ExamplesArchaea, Bacteria.Plants and Animals.


We hope you've enjoyed reading our latest blog article! We're thrilled to see the positive response it's been receiving so far. We understand that sometimes, after going through an interesting piece of content, you might have questions or want to delve deeper into the topic.

To facilitate meaningful discussions and encourage knowledge sharing, we've set up a dedicated QNA Forum page related to this specific article. If you have any questions, comments, or thoughts you'd like to share, we invite you to visit the QNA Forum.

QNA Forum Page

Feel free to ask your questions or participate in ongoing discussions. Our team of experts, as well as fellow readers, will be active on the forum to engage with you and provide insightful answers. Remember, sharing your thoughts not only helps you gain a deeper understanding but also contributes to the community's growth and learning. We look forward to hearing from you and fostering an enriching discussion. Thank you for being a part of our journey!

Leave a Comment