Digital Microscope Principle, Parts, Application, Advantages

Digital microscopes are modern microscope which does not have an eyepiece. This is a huge contrast from an optical microscope. Digital microscopes...

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This article writter by MN Editors on November 26, 2021

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Digital Microscope Principle, Parts, Application, Advantages
Digital Microscope Principle, Parts, Application, Advantages

Introduction and history of a digital microscopes

Digital microscopes are modern microscope which does not have an eyepiece. This is a huge contrast from an optical microscope. Digital microscopes have an electronic camera that acts as the detector as well as the imaging output gadget. It displays the images takes place via a computer’s screen or monitor, which defines the scope of the microscope’s digital.

The light source of this microscope is an internal LED source when compared to an optical microscope where the light source is located outside the microscope using an eyepiece. Thus, with this digital microscope human optical access is eliminated because the entire instrument is equipped with an image monitoring system.

There are various variations of the digital Microscope including the USB digitalized microscopes, which are expensive, industrialized digital microscopes including the Kohler illumination as well as the Phase-contrast Illumination. They come equipped with webcams, as well as a macro lenses.

A first digital Microscope was manufactured in 1986 in Tokyo, Japan which constituted the control box and lens that was attached with the camera. It is now known as The Hirox Company. LTD. Because of its computer connection, it is able to handle large amounts of digital information taken from the digital camera inside the microscope. In 2005, an sophisticated digital microscope was developed that did not require a computer. Instead it was an in-built unit that served as the monitor and computer. However, in 2015, the new digital microscope was built, equipped with an external computer with an USB connection that grew the life and performance that the machine. This reduced cables connecting to the external computer and the size of the computer was decreased.

They are equipped with an image processing software which alters the brightness of the image and contrast, size, and also crop the image.

Digital Microscope Principle

Digital Microscopes come with the equipment and the software tools to allow its capabilities in focused and extracting an image of a specimen. With the help of software installed the image of the specimen is recorded and can be displayed on the monitor of a computer.

The software that you use, will determine whether the image may be taken in motion or still videos, can be recorded, edited as well as cropped, labeled and stored. The software may be used to measure the size of images or magnifying the image in various ways.

Parts of a Digital Microscope

The evolution of the Digital Microscope is based on two of its main features. The functions of input and out and in this respect the digital microscope composed of two components:

The hardware 

The hardware is mostly the analog portion of the microscope. It comprises an illumination source, an analog microscope, the camera, and camera components. Cameras replace the eyepiece on the conventional microscope. The image taken from the specimen is focused by the camera. It is projected onto the computer’s screen, which is later saved and then processed.

The software 

The software is the part of the microscope which contains cameras and drivers as well as the image processing software. It includes organized units that comprise the viewer unit, the brightness adjustment unit, the histogram equalization unit as well as the image scaling unit. the unit for cropping images. This unit constantly displays the specimen, and also captures the image taken by the microscope, which is then stored and processed based on the preferences of the user. The unit for adjusting the brightness of images increases the brightness of the image, based on how much light is focused onto the specimen. It adjusts the brightness of light that is reflected in the pixels. The brightness adjustment for the image is made by transforming the grayscale with an equation.

Jo = Ji + C, (whereby Jo is the output image, Ji is the input image, and C is the constant for brightness adjustment). C is set to a positive value to increase brightness, and in a negative value , it reduces the brightness.

The unit for image contrast enhancement is used to adjust the contrast of an image. Lower contracts display a narrow histogram whereas high contrast represented by a wide histogram. It is meant to increase the image’s contrast.

Types of Digital Microscopes

Based on the use of the microscope as well as the user, various digital microscopes are manufactured and labelled, with the majority of them being lightweight and user-friendly. They can be used for anything from industrial and biomedical functions. The microscopes are used in conjunction with high-end digital microscope cameras and computer monitors.

  1. Biological Digital Microscopes: They are high-magnification microscopes with the ability to light sources beneath the mechanical stage. It has an objective of 4x-100x and either LED or halogen light sources.
  2. Fluorescence Digital Microscopes: These are optical microscopes which use fluorescence and phosphorescence as sources of light to create an image.
  3. Inverted digital Microscopes: They are trinocular microscopes where the sources of light and condenser are located on high on the stage, and the objective is located below the stage.
  4. Metallurgical digital Microscopes: Digital Microscopes with a Metallurgical Design can be used to observe metal surfaces or wire circuits, as well as transparent surface.
  5. Phase digital Microscopes: These are upright or inverted microscopes that are used to examine objects that aren’t stained and could be dead or live.
  6. Stereo Digital Microscopes: Stereo Digital Microscopes are able to reflect light from of the object, and can be utilized to see electrical components, artifacts Circuitry, plants, and art.
  7. Polarizing Digital Microscopes: These are a particular kind of digital video camera, which has an extremely magnifying lens and a number of ultra-bright LEDs. They are able to analyze 3D structures and the compositions of anisotropic objects, by with polarized light which creates waves of light that move in one direction.
  8. Digital USB Microscopes: These are microscopes that connect to computers through the USB connector. They feature a permanent connected camera, which is not the case with most digital microscopes, that have cameras connected to C-mount adapters and are able to be removed.
  9. Handheld Digital Microscopes: These are extremely modern digital microscopes which are built into an handheld microscope system. They can be is used to inspect surfaces as well as for forensics.
  10. Portable digital Microscopes: They are tiny digital microscopes that have built-in wireless technology. They are utilized to observe surfaces that are difficult to reach. They are mostly utilized for medical surface such as field inspections, as well as for dermatological research.

Buying Link of Some Best digital microscope

Eyeclops digital microscope

About this item

  • Magnify objects up to 800x!
  • Built in 2.4” Color Screen!
  • Turn off the Zoom and use as a regular Camera or video recorder!
  • Take pictures and videoUse indoors & outdoors!
  • Download via USB or MicroSD

To buy this product click Here: Buy Now

celestron digital microscope

About this item

  • True 5MP sensor to capture and save high resolution images and videos of your specimens
  • 5 Element IR cut high quality glass lens ensures sharper images. Shutter Speed 1 second to 1 by 1000 second
  • 20x to 200x powers, great for low power observation of 3D specimens (Note: Final magnification determined by monitor size)
  • 4 foot USB 2.0 cable for easy maneuverability when viewing large surfaces
  • Intuitive software with measuring features
  • Windows and Mac compatible SOFTWARE and FIRMWARE: MicroCapturePro (Model B), Windows 7 (update 2.4.1) MicroCapturePro (Model B), MAC OS (update 2.4.1) MicroCapture Pro, Windows (update 2.3) MicoCapturePro (Model B), Windows 8 Windows 10 (update 2.4.1) MicroCapturePro , MAC OS (update 2.3)
  • Software CD not included

To buy this product click Here: Buy Now

wifi digital microscope

About this item

🔍 STPCTOU WIRELESS DIGITAL MICROSCOPE – 50X-1000X magnification zoom, this digital microscope offers you a clear view of objects’ details and enables capture pictures, record video and save these wonderful moment. Nice tool to help your curiosity kids to explore the wonderful micro world.
🔍 8 ADJUSTABLE LED LIGHT – Built-in 8 LED lights and adjustable illumination with CMOS sensor image processing technology provides great image and video quality with 640×480 resolution. Flexible metal tripod offers an optimal and comfortable observation experience for you. Note: please remove the plastic protective cover before use.
🔍EASY TO USE – Only need to download the “Max-see” from APP store or Google play store and connect your phone to the microscope via WIFI, you can use the microscope easily. Taking an image or video simply just tap the Image/Video button of your device or press related APP trigger. Also support windows PC/mac OS by USB connection.
🔍MINI SIZE & RECHARGEBLE – With the portable mini size, USB rechargeable design, more than 3 hours of effective usage time, easy to put this mini microscope in your pocket and take it wherever you go. allows you to take it on your trips for children to study plants, minerals, insects, or have fun outdoor activities.
🔍GREAT COMPATIBILITY – The handheld digital zoom microscope magnifier included user-friendly software compatible with Windows XP/Vista/7/8, Mac & software, and tools for multiple purposes.
🔍WIFI CONNECTION FOR ANDROID AND IOS – 1.Download the software “Max-see” from Google Play or APP Store. 2. Long press the power button to turn on the microscope. 3. Connect the wifi “Max-see”(no password) which emits from the microscope. 4. Run the app and it is easy to use.
🔍USB CONNECTION FOR COMPUTER – 1. For win 10, you can directly plug into the USB port and search CAMERA in WINDOWS to find it and click on. 2. WIN 7/8, downloading an Amcap will solve this issue. 3. For MacBook, please use Macbooks’ bundled software Photo Booth or Quick Time Player directly. 4. Note: Please disable the default laptop camera in Windows! And you have to change your privacy settings for the camera, which needed to be changed to permit access.
🔍A FUNNY TOOL – This is an electron microscope, not a traditional microscope, Not suitable for professional serious biologists! This is definitely a very interesting thing for parents, adults, teachers, students, kids, children, collectors, testers, electronics’ repair folks, and inquisitive folks who interested in exploring the microscopic world.
🔍STPCTOU’S BRAND QUALITY ASSURANCE – We provide 12-Month Warranty for any quality issues. If you’re not 100% completely satisfied with your Digital Microscope, just simply contact us and we will refund or replace your product immediately. Please contact us first if you have any question about our Digital Microscope, our support team will try our best to help you solve all the issues. email reply within 24hs.
🔍WHAT YOU GET – 1x wireless digital microscope, 1x USB cable, 1x metal stand, 1x plastic base, 1x user manual, our 24-hour professional after-sales service.

To buy this product click Here: Buy Now

jiusion digital microscope

About this item

  • Jiusion portable magnification is a useful and funny microscope for students, engineers, inventors, and others who need to magnify and explore the micro things.
  • Be compatible with Mac, Window XP and above, Linux. This microscope isn’t compatible with iPhone/iPad.
  • This magnification only support Android smartphone which has OTG function.(How to Check OTG? Download the free app”USB OTG Checker”)
  • Built-in 8 LED lights, digital microscope’s 2 adjusting knob can change the focus and brightness.
  • Connected to the devices, you can use the software to record the micro world, capture screenshot and record video. Besides you can use the Windows software’s measurement function to measure the least bit.

To buy this product click Here: Buy Now

More Digital Microscope

Download Digital microscopes software

Jiusion digital microscope software download

Download Celestron digital microscope software

Application of Digital Microscopes

They are utilized in a range of disciplines, from medical studies as well as industrial uses. These include:

  • Studies on cytology
  • Brewing industries
  • Water and Waste Treatment Industries
  • Forensics
  • Dental studies
  • Studies on embryonic and fetal Transplantation
  • Microsurgical procedures
  • Transplantation procedures

Advantages of Digital Microscopes

  • They give high-resolution magnification of images in pixels.
  • It is able to tilt and give the 3D and 2D measurements.
  • They can hold huge quantities of data by imaging and recording both movable and nonmovable specimens
  • They are single-stop operations as they can display images and image output on the monitors of computers.
  • A few of them are purchased for a reasonable price

Limitations of Digital Microscopes

  • Some are expensive to produce and are expensive to purchase.
  • They might require training to allow their use.
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Microbiology Notes is an educational niche blog related to microbiology (bacteriology, virology, parasitology, mycology, immunology, molecular biology, biochemistry, etc.) and different branches of biology.

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