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Role of ADH, Angiotensin and Aldosterone In Osmoregulation

Role of ADH, Angiotensin and Aldosterone In Osmoregulation

What is Osmoregulation? Role of ADH, Renin-Angiotensin and Aldosterone in Osmoregulation 1. Role of ADH (Anti-diuretic Hormone) in Osmoregulation The role of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH), also known as vasopressin, in osmoregulation is pivotal for maintaining the body’s water balance and ensuring the stability of its internal environment. Here’s a detailed and sequential explanation of … Read more

Lamina Propria – Definition, Structure, Functions

Lamina Propria - Definition, Structure, Functions

What is Lamina Propria? Definition of Lamina Propria The lamina propria is a layer of loose connective tissue found beneath the epithelium in mucous membranes, providing structural support, facilitating nutrient passage, and serving as a protective barrier against foreign substances and organisms. Lamina Propria Structure Lamina Propria Functions The lamina propria, an integral component of … Read more

Muscle – Definition, Types, Structure, Functions

Muscle - Definition, Types, Structure, Functions

What is Muscle? Definition of Muscle A muscle is a specialized tissue in animals that contracts to produce force and movement, composed of fibers containing proteins that enable contraction. Structure of Muscle Types of Muscle Muscles, integral to the vertebrate anatomy, are categorized into three primary types based on their structural and functional attributes: skeletal, … Read more

Muscle Cell – Definition, Structure, Functions, Examples

Muscle Cell - Definition, Structure, Functions, Examples

What is Muscle Cell? Definition of Muscle Cell A muscle cell, or myocyte, is a specialized animal cell designed for contraction, facilitated by organized motor proteins, primarily actin and myosin. These cells can be found in various forms, including skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle tissues, each serving distinct functions within the body. Structure of Muscle … Read more

Smooth Muscle – Definition, Structure, Mechanism, Functions

Smooth Muscle - Definition, Structure, Mechanism, Functions

What is Smooth Muscle? Definition of Smooth Muscle Smooth muscle is an involuntary, non-striated muscle tissue found primarily in the walls of hollow organs and blood vessels, responsible for functions such as regulating blood flow and propelling substances through organs. Characteristics of smooth muscle Smooth muscle tissue, distinct from its skeletal and cardiac counterparts, exhibits … Read more

Submandibular Gland – Definition, Structure, Functions

Submandibular Gland - Definition, Structure, Functions

What is Submandibular Gland? Definition of Submandibular Gland The submandibular gland is one of the major salivary glands located beneath the floor of the mouth, responsible for producing a significant portion of saliva that aids in lubrication and digestion. Anatomical Position of Submandibular Gland Situated within the anterior region of the submandibular triangle, the submandibular … Read more

Digastric Muscle – Definition, Structure, Types, Functions

Digastric Muscle - Definition, Structure, Types, Functions

What is Digastric Muscle? Digastric Muscle Definition The digastric muscle is a bilaterally paired suprahyoid muscle located beneath the jaw, characterized by two distinct ‘bellies’—an anterior and a posterior section—that play pivotal roles in jaw movement and swallowing. Characteristics of Digastric Muscle The digastric muscle exhibits several distinctive characteristics: Where is the Digastric Muscle Located? … Read more

Blood Pressure – Definition, Types, Measurement, Disorders

Blood Pressure - Definition, Types, Measurement, Disorders

What is Blood Pressure? Definition of Blood Pressure Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the arteries, measured in terms of systolic and diastolic pressures during the cardiac cycle. Types of Blood Pressure Blood pressure, a critical physiological parameter, is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls … Read more

Human Circulatory System – Definition, Structure, Organs, Functions

Human Circulatory System - Definition, Structure, Organs, Functions

What is Human Circulatory System? Definition of Human Circulatory System The human circulatory system is a complex network of blood vessels, including arteries, veins, and capillaries, driven by the heart, responsible for transporting nutrients, oxygen, hormones, and waste products throughout the body. Features of Circulatory System The human circulatory system, a cornerstone of physiological functionality, … Read more

Human Circulatory Circuit – Definition, Characteristics, Types, Importance

Human Circulatory Circuit

What is Human Circulatory Circuit? Definition of Human Circulatory Circuit The human circulatory circuit, also known as the cardiovascular system, is a complex network comprising the heart and blood vessels that facilitate the continuous flow of blood throughout the body, ensuring the transport of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products to and from cells. This system … Read more

Hyaline Casts in Urine: Types, Morphology, Clinical Significance

Hyaline Casts in Urine: Types, Morphology, Clinical Significance

Urinary casts are small, cylinder-shaped, tube-shaped particles that can be detected by a microscopic analysis of urine. Casts are the only kidney-specific components discovered in the urine sediment. It is believed that Tamm-Horsfall mucoprotein (uromodulin) released by renal tubular epithelial cells forms the fundamental matrix of all casts. Any components present in the tube filtrate, … Read more

What is voluntary muscle?

What is voluntary muscle?

Voluntary muscles are muscles of the skeletal body that connect to bones. They control the movement of the head, limbs, the neck and other body parts, under conscious control. The muscles of the skeleton are coordinated by nerve signals coming from the brain, which communicate with muscle fibers in each muscle and cause them to contract.

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