Fascioliasis is a type of parasitic disease caused by the liver fluke, a type of parasitic flatworm. It is transmitted to humans through the ingestion of contaminated food, particularly raw or undercooked freshwater plants such as watercress. Symptoms of fascioliasis may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss, and jaundice. In severe cases, the infection can cause damage to the liver, bile ducts, and other organs. Fascioliasis is treated with antiparasitic medication. It can be prevented by thoroughly cooking all freshwater plants before consumption and practicing good hygiene when handling potentially contaminated food.
MCQ on Fascioliasis
1. What is fascioliasis caused by?
a) Bacteria b) Fungi c) Parasitic worms d) Viruses.
Answer: c) Parasitic worms
2. How is fascioliasis transmitted to humans?
a) Through contaminated food or water b) Through insect bites c) Through skin contact with infected animals d) Through respiratory droplets
Answer: a) Through contaminated food or water
3. What are the symptoms of fascioliasis?
a) Fever, chills, and muscle aches b) Rash and itching c) Diarrhea and abdominal pain d) All of the above
Answer: c) Diarrhea and abdominal pain
4. Who is most at risk of contracting fascioliasis?
a) Children living in rural areas b) Elderly people c) Urban residents d) People with compromised immune systems
Answer: a) Children living in rural areas
5. What is the main treatment for fascioliasis?
a) Antibiotics b) Antifungal medication c) Antiparasitic medication d) Immunoglobulin
Answer: c) Antiparasitic medication
6. Can fascioliasis be prevented?
a) Yes, through regular use of insect repellent b) Yes, by boiling all drinking water c) No, it is not preventable d) Yes, by avoiding contact with contaminated water
Answer: d) Yes, by avoiding contact with contaminated water
7. How is fascioliasis diagnosed?’
a) Through a physical examination b) Through a blood test c) Through a stool sample d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
8. Can fascioliasis be cured?
a) No, it is a chronic condition b) Yes, with proper treatment c) Yes, but only in its early stages d) No, it can only be managed
Answer: b) Yes, with proper treatment
9. What is the main mode of transmission for fascioliasis?
a) Contaminated water b) Insect bites c) Contact with infected animals d) Respiratory droplets
Answer: a) Contaminated water
10. What is the most common symptom of fascioliasis?
a) Fever and chills b) Rash and itching c) Diarrhea and abdominal pain d) Jaundice
Answer: d) Jaundice