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MCQ on Nosocomial Infection

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Table of Contents

What is Nosocomial Infection?

A nosocomial infection, also known as a hospital-acquired infection, is an infection that is contracted by a patient during the course of receiving treatment for another condition in a healthcare setting, such as a hospital, nursing home, or rehabilitation center. Nosocomial infections can be caused by a variety of pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites, and can spread through contaminated surfaces, medical equipment, and healthcare workers. These infections can result in prolonged hospital stays, increased healthcare costs, and, in severe cases, death. To prevent nosocomial infections, it is important for healthcare facilities to follow infection control protocols and for patients to practice good hygiene.

1. What is the definition of nosocomial infections?

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A. Infections that occur in a hospital setting

B. Infections that occur in a community setting

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C. Infections that occur in a long-term care facility

2. What are the consequences of nosocomial infections?

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A. Increased hospital stays

B. Increased healthcare costs

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C. Increased mortality rates

D. All of the above

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3. What is one effective measure to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections?

A. Hand hygiene B. Proper use of personal protective equipment C. Environmental cleaning D. All of the above

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4. What is MRSA?

A. A type of bacteria

B. A type of virus

C. A type of fungus

5. What are some common sources of nosocomial infections?

A. Contaminated medical devices

B. The hands of healthcare workers

C. Poor sanitation practices

D. All of the above

6. What is the economic impact of nosocomial infections?

A. Over $9 billion annually in the United States

B. Over $1 billion annually in the United States

C. Over $100 million annually in the United States

7. Who is at higher risk for nosocomial infections?

A. Patients with compromised immune systems

B. Healthy patients

C. Healthcare workers

8. What is the role of electronic medical records (EMRs) and computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems in preventing nosocomial infections?

A. Improved identification and reporting

B. No role in preventing nosocomial infections

C. Increased spread of nosocomial infections

9. What is the role of vaccines in preventing nosocomial infections?

A. Preventing certain types of nosocomial infections

B. No role in preventing nosocomial infections

C. Increased spread of nosocomial infections

10. What is the role of improved sanitation and disinfection practices in preventing nosocomial infections?

A. Reducing the spread of nosocomial infections

B. No role in preventing nosocomial infections

C. Increasing the spread of nosocomial infections

11. What is the role of effective communication in preventing nosocomial infections?

A. Helping to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections

B. No role in preventing nosocomial infections

C. Increasing the spread of nosocomial infections

12. What is the role of rapid molecular diagnostic tests in controlling nosocomial infections?

A. Improving the identification and control of nosocomial infections

B. No role in controlling nosocomial infections

C. Increasing the spread of nosocomial infections

13. What is the role of advanced molecular techniques in controlling nosocomial infections?

A. Improving the identification and control of nosocomial infections

B. No role in controlling nosocomial infections

C. Increasing the spread of nosocomial infections

14. What is the role of environmental cleaning in preventing nosocomial infections?

A. Reducing the spread of nosocomial infections

B. No role in preventing nosocomial infections

C. Increasing the spread of nosocomial infections

15. What is the role of proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) in preventing nosocomial infections?

A. Helping to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections

B. No role in preventing nosocomial infections

C. Increasing the spread of nosocomial infections

16. What is the role of hand hygiene in preventing nosocomial infections?

A. Helping to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections

B. No role in preventing nosocomial infections

C. Increasing the spread of nosocomial infections

17. What is the role of infection control protocols in preventing nosocomial infections?

A. Helping to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections

B. No role in preventing nosocomial infections

C. Increasing the spread of nosocomial infections

18. Who is responsible for implementing measures to prevent and control nosocomial infections?

A. Healthcare facilities

B. Patients

C. Both healthcare facilities and patients

19. What is the role of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in preventing and controlling nosocomial infections?

A. Providing guidelines and recommendations for preventing and controlling nosocomial infections

B. No role in preventing and controlling nosocomial infections

C. Encouraging the spread of nosocomial infections

20. What is the long-term impact of nosocomial infections on a patient’s health?

A. Chronic pain, loss of mobility, decreased quality of life

B. Improved health

C. No impact on a patient’s health.

Answer Key

  1. A. Infections that occur in a hospital setting
  2. D. All of the above
  3. D. All of the above
  4. A. A type of bacteria
  5. D. All of the above
  6. A. Over $9 billion annually in the United States
  7. A. Patients with compromised immune systems
  8. A. Improved identification and reporting
  9. A. Preventing certain types of nosocomial infections
  10. A. Reducing the spread of nosocomial infections
  11. A. Helping to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections
  12. A. Improving the identification and control of nosocomial infections
  13. A. Improving the identification and control of nosocomial infections
  14. A. Reducing the spread of nosocomial infections
  15. A. Helping to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections
  16. A. Helping to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections
  17. A. Helping to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections
  18. A. Healthcare facilities
  19. A. Providing guidelines and recommendations for preventing and controlling nosocomial infections
  20. A. Chronic pain, loss of mobility, decreased quality of life

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