Effect of antibiotics on the cell wall

Effect of antibiotics on the cell wall

In the early 20th century there was no treatment to treat infections caused by bacteria. This included tuberculosis and pneumonia, as well as the rheumatic and gonorrhea diseases, and infections of the urinary tract. However, in 1929 the the bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovered the first real antibiotic, penicillin, heralding a new era of medical science.

Mode of action of antibiotics and classification.

Mode of action of antibiotics and classification.

Mode of action of antibiotics Antibiotics are used in medicine and agriculture to prevent bacterial infection. The mode of action of antibiotics is varied based on the types of antibiotics. Some of them act by limiting the growth of bacteria and some of them act by killing the bacterial cell by inhibiting cell wall synthesis. … Read more

Antibiotics definition, Characteristics, Classification, Administration

Antibiotics definition, Characteristics, Classification, Administration, Metabolism, Side effects.

Medicinal folklore was the primary treatment procedure for infections before the early 20th century. Over 2,000 years ago, a mixture of different antimicrobial properties was used to treat infections.  The ancient Egyptians and ancient Greeks, and other ancient cultures used selected mold and plant materials for the treatment of infections. After the discovery of synthetic … Read more

Dexamethasone: Mechanism, Application, Side effects.


What is Dexamethasone? Figure: Chemical structure of dexamethasone | Image by: Maria Palmira Gremiao | Source: In 1957, an American physician Philip Showalter Hench first made this drug. Dexamethasone is corticosteroid medication (Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates). Dexamethasone used for the treatment of … Read more

Antibiotic Resistance: Definition, Mechanism, Example.

antibiotic resistance

Antibiotic resistance or Drug resistance to bacteria is a modern enemy of the new generation. Before we know about antibiotic resistance, we must first know what bacteria are? Bacteria is a type of germs, which is found inside or outside of human or animal bodies. Most of the bacteria are harmless, and some of them … Read more

Antiviral Drug – Mode of Action

OSC Microbio 14 03 Acyclovir

Antiviral drug referred to those drugs or chemical agents that are used for the treatment of viral infection. There are present several types of antiviral drugs that are used for the treatment of viral infections such as Amantadine, Acyclovir, Azidothymidine, Ganciclovir, Abacavir. Each of these antiviral drugs follows a different mechanism. The variation in their mechanism depends on the types of virus.

Antifungal Drug – Mode of Action

Mode of Action of Antifungal Drugs

Treatment of an antifungal disease is quite difficult than a bacterial infection. The reason is quite clear that most of the eukaryotic fungal cells have a lot in common with human cells, so antifungal drugs can also damage the host body cells. Also, some fungi have detoxification properties that can modify antifungal drugs and as … Read more

Antimicrobial Agent and Chemotherapy

Antimicrobial agents and Chemotherapy

Definition of Antimicrobial Agent Antimicrobial agent refers to those chemical or physical agents which are used to kill microorganisms or prevent their growth. Advertisements There are present several types of microorganism which are responsible for infection or disease in animal or human body such as fungi, bacteria, virus, etc. Similarly, there are present different types … Read more

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