What is Microbiology? Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are tiny, single-celled organisms that are found almost everywhere on
As their name suggests, microorganisms are minute organisms with the potential to adapt to their environment; for instance, commensals can
Starter Culture Definition A starter culture is a microbial preparation containing a very high number of cells (such as 1012
Probiotics Definition Probiotics are living microorganisms that mitigate the negative effects of antibiotics by restoring the body’s natural homeostasis. Probiotics
Definition of Prebiotics Types of Prebiotics There are numerous varieties of prebiotics. The majority of them are a subset of
Many plants can reproduce genetically identical offshoots or clones of themselves through asexual reproduction. These offshoots then become independent plants.
Students studying Biology would have come across the topic of asexual reproduction. Fragmentation is one of the most common forms
In many species reproduction is dependent upon two adults combining to form a new organism. In this case, both parents
Cell membrane (also called"the plasma membrane (PM) or the cytoplasmic membrane and has been traditionally known as"the plasmalemma) is a membrane in the body which separates the inner part and exterior of cells. It also separates them from their external environment (the extracellular spaces) and shields cells from the elements.
The Beer-Lambert Law, also called Beer's law or the Lambert-Beer law or the law of Beer-Lambert-Bouguer, relates to the conduction of light with the characteristics of the material through which light passes.
Radiation is used to sterilize and decontaminate medical supplies (surgeon supplies, vaccines and drugs) as well as the food and beverage industries. There are two types of radiations available: ionizing or non-ionizing.
Filtration is the most popular method to sterilize heat sensitive liquid and gases, without exposure to denaturing temperatures. Instead of killing microorganisms that cause contamination the process simply eliminates them. It is the process of choice to sterilize chemical solutions for antibiotics radioisotopes, toxic chemicals or vaccines, as well as carbohydrates, all of which are sensitive to heat.
The process of dividing whole blood into its components is known as blood separation. For research purposes, diagnostic and therapeutic reasons as well as research, whole blood may be separated. Scientists may employ several blood separation methods to achieve this.
Technique for the characterization and preparation of subcellular particles. A sucrose gradient is used to fill a centrifuge tube of the type swinging-bucket design. The bottom is the most dense, and the top the least dense. The solution is then layered with a suspension of the particles. Centrifugation separates particles in the gradient according their density. The centrifugation is over. After that, the bottom of the tube with sucrose particles of equal density drips into a series receiving tubes.
When working with centrifuges you'll encounter two different measurement units that are called the Relative Centrifugal Force (RCF) and the number of revolutions per Minute (RPM). It is essential to be aware of the fact that they are both different.
Microbiology is among the most popular subjects after BiPC and is an important field of Biology that studies the study of fungi, bacteria virus, as well as other microorganisms that can't be observed with eyesight.
The term epidemiology is derived from the Greek words epi, which means "on or upon;" demos, which means "the common people;" and logy, which means "study. Putting these pieces together yields the following definition of epidemiology: "the study of that which falls upon the common people."
The process of establishing documented evidence that a disinfectant will consistently remove or inactivate known or possible pathogens from samples.
Microorganisms can grow over a wide range of temperatures, from very low temperatures characteristic of psychrophiles to the very high growth temperatures characteristic of thermophiles.