Advertisements
SPONSOR AD

The Michaelis–Menten Model and its Plot, Equation, Importance

The Michaelis–Menten Model and its Plot, Equation, Importance

What is Michaelis–Menten model? The Michaelis–Menten model is a fundamental concept in biochemistry, specifically in the realm of enzyme kinetics. Enzymes, which are proteins, play a pivotal role as catalysts in biochemical reactions. Their primary function is to reduce the Gibbs free energy of activation, ΔG, thereby facilitating the reaction to reach its transition state … Read more

Enzyme Inhibition – Definition, Types, Mechanism, Examples

Enzyme Inhibition - Definition, Types, Mechanism, Examples

What is Enzyme Inhibition? Types of Enzyme Inhibition There are present three types of Enzyme Inhibition such as; 1. Reversible Inhibition Reversible inhibition refers to the temporary cessation of enzyme activity due to the binding of a reversible inhibitor. This binding is not permanent, and the enzyme can regain its activity once the inhibitor is … Read more

Enzymes – Structure, Types, Mode of Action, Functions, Applications, Examples

Enzymes - Structure, Types, Mode of Action, Functions, Applications, Examples

What are Enzymes? Definition of Enzymes Enzymes are protein molecules that act as biological catalysts, accelerating chemical reactions within living organisms without being consumed in the process. Characteristics Features of Enzymes Enzymes are biological molecules with distinct characteristics and features that enable them to play crucial roles in various biochemical processes. Here are the key … Read more

Glycogen Metabolism in Human Body

Glycogen Metabolism in Human Body

What is Glycogen? Structure And Function Of Glycogen The primary stores of glycogen within the human body are primarily located in skeletal muscle and the liver, although various other cells also maintain smaller glycogen reserves for their specific metabolic needs. The role of glycogen varies depending on its location, and it plays crucial functions in … Read more

Urea Cycle – Steps, Reactions, Enzymes, Products, Regulation

Urea Cycle - Steps, Reactions, Products, Regulation, Importance

What is Urea Cycle? Definition of Urea Cycle The urea cycle is a series of biochemical reactions in the liver that convert ammonia, a toxic byproduct of protein metabolism, into urea, a less harmful compound that is excreted in the urine. Urea Cycle Reactions/Urea Cycle Steps The urea cycle is a critical metabolic pathway that operates primarily … Read more

Ethanol Metabolism – Steps, Factors, Enzymes, Importance

Ethanol Metabolism - Steps, Factors, Enzymes, Importance

What is Ethanol Metabolism? Definition of Ethanol Metabolism Ethanol metabolism is the biological process by which the body breaks down and eliminates ethanol, primarily in the liver, through a series of enzymatic reactions that convert it into less toxic compounds, ultimately producing energy and releasing water and carbon dioxide. Location of Ethanol Metabolism Distribution of … Read more

Electron Transport Chain Diagram, Definition, Steps, Products, Importance

Electron Transport Chain

The Electron Transport Chain is made of different protein complexes which perform a redox reaction to transfer electrons from electron donor to electron acceptor and also perform the transfer of protons from matrix to intermembrane space.

Macronutrients – Definition, Importance, Examples

Macronutrients - Definition, Importance, Examples

What are Macronutrients? The human organism is a complex system that relies on specific nutritional elements to ensure its proper functioning, growth, and maintenance. Within the realm of nutrition, there are two primary categories of nutrients that the body necessitates: macronutrients and micronutrients. This discourse will focus on the former, elucidating its significance, types, and … Read more

Glycolysis 10 Steps With Diagram and ATP Formation

ATP Production by glycolysis

What is Glycolysis? Glycolysis 10 Steps Glycolysis is a central metabolic pathway that facilitates the breakdown of glucose into pyruvate through a series of enzymatic reactions. This process is methodically organized into ten distinct steps, divided into two primary phases: the Preparatory phase and the Payoff phase. Preparatory Phase: Payoff Phase: Advertisements In summary, glycolysis … Read more

Feedback Inhibition – Definition, Process, Functions, Examples

Feedback Inhibition

What is Feedback Inhibition? Definition of Feedback Inhibition Feedback inhibition is a cellular regulatory mechanism in which the end product of a biochemical pathway inhibits the activity of the first enzyme in that pathway, preventing overproduction of the end product. Enzymes, Substrates, and Products Process of Feedback Inhibition Feedback inhibition, a cardinal regulatory mechanism within … Read more

Gibberellin – Definition, Structure, Biosynthesis, Functions, Uses

Gibberellin - Definition, Structure, Biosynthesis, Functions, Uses

What is Gibberellin? Definition of Gibberellin Gibberellin is a class of diterpenoid plant hormones that regulate various developmental processes, including stem elongation, germination, flowering, and dormancy. Structure of Gibberellin Biosynthesis of Gibberellin Gibberellins, a class of plant hormones, play a pivotal role in various growth and developmental processes. The intricate pathway leading to the synthesis … Read more

Glycogen – Defintion, Structure, Functions, Examples

Glycogen - Defintion, Structure, Functions, Examples

What is Glycogen? Definition of Glycogen Glycogen is a branched polysaccharide composed of glucose units and serves as the primary form of energy storage in animals and humans. Characteristics of Glycogen Glycogen, often termed “animal starch,” is a pivotal energy reserve in animals, with its counterpart in plants being starch. This complex carbohydrate is responsible … Read more

Glycoprotein – Definition, Structure, Functions, Examples

Glycoprotein - Definition, Structure, Functions, Examples

What is Glycoprotein? Definition of Glycoprotein A glycoprotein is a complex molecule composed of a protein covalently bonded to one or more carbohydrate chains, playing diverse roles in biological processes and cell-to-cell interactions. Glycoprotein Structure Methods used to study glycoproteins Glycoproteins, with their intricate structures and multifaceted roles in biological systems, necessitate advanced methodologies for … Read more

Ketone Bodies – Definition, Structure, Production, Functions

Ketone Bodies - Definition, Structure, Production, Functions

What are Ketone Bodies? Definition of Ketone Bodies Ketone bodies are water-soluble molecules produced by the liver during periods of low glucose availability, serving as alternative energy substrates for various tissues. The primary ketone bodies include acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, and acetone. Structure of Ketone Bodies For detailed visual representations of these structures, you may refer to … Read more

Molecule – Definition, Types, Characteristics, Examples

Molecule - Definition, Types, Characteristics, Examples

What is Molecule? A molecule is a fundamental unit in the realm of chemistry, representing a group of two or more atoms bound together by chemical bonds. These bonds arise due to interactions between the electrons of the participating atoms. Delving deeper into the nature and significance of molecules: In essence, molecules are the building … Read more

Oxidizing Agent – Definition, Factors, Applications, Examples

Oxidizing Agent - Definition, Factors, Applications, Examples

What is Oxidizing Agent? An oxidizing agent, scientifically termed as an oxidant or oxidizer, is a pivotal component in redox (reduction-oxidation) chemical reactions. It functions by accepting or gaining electrons from another substance, known as the reducing agent or reductant. This electron transfer results in the oxidizing agent undergoing a reduction, which is characterized by … Read more

Receptor – Definition, Structure, Types, Mechanism, Importance, Examples

Receptor - Definition, Structure, Types, Mechanism, Importance, Examples

What is Receptor? Definition of Receptor A receptor is a specialized protein molecule that selectively recognizes and binds to specific ligands, leading to cellular responses or signal transduction within the cell. Types of Receptors Receptors are specialized protein structures integral to cellular communication and response mechanisms. They are primarily categorized based on their cellular location … Read more

Anabolism – Definition, Stages, Functions, Regulation, Examples

Anabolism - Definition, Stages, Functions, Regulation, Examples

What is Anabolism? Definition of Anabolism Anabolism is the metabolic process in which complex molecules are synthesized from simpler ones, typically requiring an input of energy. Stages of Anabolism Anabolism, a fundamental metabolic pathway, involves the synthesis of intricate molecules from simpler precursors. This process is central to the growth and maintenance of cells and … Read more

Adblocker detected! Please consider reading this notice.

We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading.

We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. We do not implement these annoying types of ads!

We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising.

Please add Microbiologynote.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software.

×