Schistosomiasis also termed snail fever or bilharzia is a disease caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes. Infection with Schistosoma mansoni, S. haematobium, and S. japonicum causes illness in humans; less commonly, S. mekongi and S. intercalatum can cause disease.
Fascioliasis is an infectious disease caused by Fasciola parasites, which are flatworms referred to as liver flukes. The adult (mature) flukes are found in the bile ducts and liver of infected people and animals, such as sheep and cattle. In general, fascioliasis is more common in livestock and other animals than in people.
Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by three microscopic, thread-like worms, called Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori. These worms infect the lymphatic system and cause Lymphatic filariasis. The adult worm can be found in the human lymph system, this system helps to maintain the body’s fluid balance and fights against infections.
Protozoa carried out their reproduction by asexual and sexual mode of reproduction. The higher group of protozoa follow mainly sexual reproduction. Some protozoa carried out both asexual and sexual reproduction based on the types of the host cells.
The size and shape of protozoa vary based on the types of species. For example, the causative agent of Kala azar, Leishmania donovani has a size range of 1 to 4 micrometers in length, while the Amoeba proteus is 600 micrometers or more in size. Some members of ciliates can reach 2,000 micrometers or 2mm.
The term protozoa comes from the Greek word protos and Zoon, which means “first animal”. Protozoa are microscopic single-celled, eukaryotic protists that lack cell walls. The size of protozoa varies from 5 to 250 micrometers. The detailed study of protozoa is known as protozoology.
Basidiomycetes are harmful as well as useful. Their attack foods and ornamental plants, cause many different diseases including seedling diseases, wood rots, root and stem rots, seed diseases (smuts), and rusts, on the other hand, it used as humans foods.
Rhizopus stolonifer is responsible for ripe fruits, such as strawberries, melon, and peach, mainly those contain wounds and higher sugar content. During germination, it produces esterases, including cutinase which enable the penetration of fungus into the plant cell wall.
The fungi are classified based on the characteristics of the sexual spores and fruiting bodies present during the sexual stages of their life cycles. Therefore, based on characteristics of their sexual stages and morphology of their asexual spores and thalli they are classified into different groups.
5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) also known as Flucytosine. 5-Fluorocytosinewas first synthesized in 1957 as anti-tumor drug. It is an antifungal medication which is used with amphotericin B against Candida infections and cryptococcosis. This drug is mainly taken by mouth and by injection into a vein.
There are different modes of reproduction in fungi such as sexual, asexual, and vegetative modes of reproduction. There are involve different methods in asexual mode, sexual mode, and vegetative mode of reproduction, each of these methods are discussed below; Different modes of reproduction in fungi Mainly there are three types of reproduction in fungi such
Fungi Overview Fungi are microscopic eukaryotic microorganisms that are of great practical and scientific interest to microbiologists. The appearance of fungi is very familiar to each of us. We have seen their growth on different foods such as orange, lemons, cheese, and the whitish-gray furry outgrowth on bread and jam, etc. All of these are
What is a serial dilution? – serial dilution definition Hey there, you might be thinking, what is serial dilution? As the term indicates, it is a series of succeeding dilutions that performed to create a less dense or less concentrated solution from a high dense or concentrated solution. Serial dilution involves performing a series of