Quick Comparison between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria Serial Characteristics Gram Positive Gram Negative 1 Gram staining Stained purple or blue color (color of primary stain, crystal violet) Stained pink or red (Color of counterstain or secondary stain, safranin) 2 Thickness of cell wall 20-30 nm thick 8-12 nm thick. 3 Smoothness of cell wall The
Food and diary Microbiology is a branch of microbiology. In this portion of microbiology, we discuss about preparation procedures of dairy products and different foods in industries. Now, in this article, I will discuss about Top books for Food and diary Microbiology which you can buy from online stores. 1. Food Microbiology 4th Edition Author: Martin
Here i am with Top books for Environmental Microbiology. All these books are recommended for the study of environmental microbiology. 1. Microbial Ecology: Fundamentals and Applications (4th Edition) Author: Ronald M. Atlas, Richard Bartha Staying current in a discipline where advances are defined by methodological developments can be a challenge – that’s why more people choose
In this article i will share best and top recommended books for Genetics and Microbial genetics. The best buying link also provided at the end of each book. Concepts of Genetics Author: William Klug, Michael Cummings , Charlotte Spencer , Michael Palladino , Darrell Killian. Concepts of Genetics emphasizes the fundamental ideas of genetics, while exploring modern
What is Quenching ? Quenching relates to a process that reduces the fluorescence intensity of a supplied substance. A variety of methods can succeed in quenching, such as excited state reactions, energy transfer, complex-formation and collisional quenching. As an outcome, quenching is often profoundly dependent on pressure and temperature. Some examples of common chemical quenchers are
Endospores are dormant, tough, resistant, and non-reproductive structures which are produced by gram-positive bacterial cell (such as bacillus, clostridium) in the phylum firmicutes during the unfavorable condition of the environment.
Mitochondrial transporter The mitochondria contain different types of transporter proteins within the intermembrane. These transporters transfers ADP, Pi, and H atom(Substrate) from Inter membrane space to matrix and ATP (Product) from matrix to inner membrane space. There are presently three transporter protein in the inner mitochondrial membrane such as; Adenine Nucleotide Translocase It is an
The Electron Transport Chain is made of different protein complexes which perform a redox reaction to transfer electrons from electron donor to electron acceptor and also perform the transfer of protons from matrix to intermembrane space.