The female reproductive system consists of both internal and external structures. The external structures include the vulva, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and vaginal opening. The internal structures include the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
The vagina is a muscular tube that connects the external genitalia to the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. The uterus is a hollow, muscular organ that is shaped like an upside-down pear. The fallopian tubes extend from the uterus to the ovaries and are responsible for transporting eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. The ovaries are small, almond-shaped organs that produce and release eggs (ovulation) and secrete hormones such as estrogen and progesterone.