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What are these? singlet oxygen, superoxide radicals, superoxide anions, superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxide anion, catalase, peroxide, and ozone?

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These are different types of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and enzymes involved in their detoxification or removal from the cell. Singlet oxygen, superoxide radicals, and superoxide anions are all forms of ROS that can cause damage to cellular components. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme that converts superoxide radicals into less harmful forms. Peroxide anion and peroxide are other forms of ROS that can be removed from the cell by the enzyme catalase. Ozone is not a ROS but is a reactive molecule that can also cause damage to cellular components.
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