How to prevent monkeypox ?

Following the recommended preventative procedures and being vaccinated if you have been exposed to monkeypox or are at a higher risk of exposure will help protect you and your community.

Protect Yourself

Avoid close skin-to-skin contact with patients who have a monkeypox-like rash. Avoid contact with things and materials used by a person infected with monkeypox. Wash your hands often with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially before eating, touching your face, or using the restroom.



The preferred vaccine to protect against monkeypox is JYNNEOS, which is a two-dose vaccine. It takes 14 days after getting the second dose of JYNNEOS for its immune protection to reach its maximum. The ACAM2000 vaccine may be an alternative to JYNNEOS. ACAM2000 is a single-dose vaccine, and it takes four weeks after vaccination for its immune protection to reach its maximum.


Safer Sex

– Stop for a short period of time from activities that can increase the risk of contracting monkeypox until two weeks following your second dose. This will drastically lower the chance of contracting. – Limit your number of sexual partners to decrease the chance of being exposed. – The spaces like back rooms saunas, back rooms, sex clubs or public and private sexual events in which intimate, frequently intimate sexual encounters with several partners is common, are more likely to spread the virus. – Condoms (latex or polyurethane) can safeguard the anus (butthole) penis, mouth and vagina against exposure to the virus monkeypox. But, condoms alone will not completely prevent exposure to the virus since it may occur on different parts of the body. – Gloves (latex or polyurethane Nitrile) could also decrease the risk of being exposed by placing hands or fingers in the vagina, or anus. The gloves should cover all exposed skin and then removed with care to avoid touching the surface of the body.


Safer Sex

– Beware of kissing or exchanging the spit because monkeypox can be get out this way. – The two of you can muddle around at a distance with no contact and not touching any bumps. – Enjoy virtual sex but without physical contact. – Think about having sex with your clothing on or covering areas in which there is a rash, and limiting as much contact between skin and skin as is. The latex or leather-based gear creates a barrier against skin-to-skin contact. Just be sure to change or wash your the gear and clothes between partners, and after using. – Be aware that the virus can be transmitted through respiratory secretions if you are in close eye-to-eye contact. – Make sure washing your hands after washing, sexually explicit toys, fetish equipment and all fabric (bedding towels, clothing, etc.)) after you've had sex. Find out more about the control of infection.


Lower Social Gatherings

– Events, festivals or concerts in which the participants are dressed in full and are unlikely to have contact with skin are more secure. However, the attendees must be aware of any activities (like kissing) that could transmit monkeypox. – A party, rave or club with no clothing or when there is intimate, personal, and generally skin-to skin contact poses a possibility of a risk. Beware of any rash that you notice on someone else and think about limiting contact between skin and skin. – Closed-off spaces, such as saunas, back rooms sexual clubs, or public and private sex parties in which intimate, and often secret sexual contact between several partners can be more likely to spreading monkeypox.


Reducing Monkeypox Transmission in Congregate Living Settings

- Communicate with staff, volunteers, and residents - Respond to cases - Identify people who might have been exposed to monkeypox - Ensure access to handwashing - Clean and disinfect the areas where people with monkeypox spent time - Provide appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) for staff, volunteers, and residents


Disinfecting Home and Other Non-Healthcare

- Laundry - Clean Hard Surfaces (and non-porous car interiors) -  Upholstered Furniture, Carpet and Soft Furnishing (and porous car interiors) -  Waste Disposal


Pets in the Home

– Test your pet when they've come into contact with anyone with confirmed or probable monkeypox, and they show new rash or other signs of clinical illness. – Keep the pet that is sick or animal from all other animals and avoid direct contact with other animals within the 21st day following being sick or until completely recovered. – Make sure you wash your hands regularly and wear personal protective equipment (PPE) while cleaning up after animals that are sick. – Check with your local health department for recommendations on waste disposal – Bedding enclosures, food dishes and other things that are in direct contact with the infected animals should be disinfected after the process of disinfecting the home and other settings that are not health-related. – Bedding and laundry that are soiled (including disposal rodent bedding) shouldn't be handled in a manner that could release infectious particles.