Medical

Medical

5 Notes

Medical microbiology is a branch of medicine that focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating infectious diseases.

  • It is a large part of microbiology that is used in medicine. This field of science also looks at how microbes can be used in the clinic to make people healthier.
  • There are four types of microorganisms that can cause disease: bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses.
  • There is also a type of infectious protein called prion that can also cause disease.
  • A medical microbiologist studies what makes pathogens what they are, how they spread, how they infect, and how they grow.
  • In order to work as a clinical or medical microbiologist in a hospital or medical research centre, you usually need a master’s degree in microbiology and a Ph.D. in one of the life sciences (Biochem, Micro, Biotech, Genetics, etc.).
  • Medical microbiologists often work as consultants for doctors, helping them find pathogens and give advice on how to treat them.
  • With this info, a treatment plan can be made. Other jobs may include finding possible health risks to the community, keeping an eye on how potentially dangerous or resistant strains of microbes change over time, educating the community, and helping to design health practises.
  • They may also help stop epidemics and disease outbreaks or get them under control.
  • Not all medical microbiologists study microbial pathology. Some study common, non-pathogenic species to see if their properties can be used to make antibiotics or other treatments.
  • Epidemiology is the study of the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease in populations. It is an important part of medical microbiology, even though the clinical side of the field focuses mostly on the presence and growth of microbial infections in individuals, how they affect the body, and how to treat those infections.
  • In this way, the field as a whole, which is an applied science, can be divided into academic and clinical sub-specialties.
  • However, there is a fluid continuum between public health microbiology and clinical microbiology, just as the state of the art in clinical laboratories depends on constant improvements in academic medicine and research laboratories.









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