Yeasts Starter Cultures  
MN Editors
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Industrial microbiology

Yeasts Starter Cultures  

Yeasts are eukaryotic, unicellular microorganisms that belong to the kingdom of fungi. The first yeast appeared hundreds of millions of

Lactic Acid Starter Culture
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Industrial microbiology

Lactic Acid Starter Culture

Lactic acid bacteria Genera Leuconostocs Genera Streptococcus Genera Lactobacillus Genera Lactococcus Metabolic activity of lactic acid bacteria

Enzymes (amylase, protease, lipase) Production
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Industrial microbiology

Enzymes (amylase, protease, lipase) Production

What Are Enzymes? Structure of Enzyme  Enzymes Classification Historically, enzymes were given names based on their discoverer. With additional study,

Wine Production
MN Editors
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Industrial microbiology

Wine Production

Types of Wine Depending on the type of grape, yeast strain, fermentation process, etc., there are a variety of wines.

Beer Production
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Industrial microbiology

Beer Production

Health Benefits of Beer Beer provides numerous health benefits when drank in moderation. Among these fascinating health advantages are the

Vitamin B12 Production
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Industrial microbiology

Vitamin B12 Production

What is Vitamin B12? Microorganisms used for B12 Productions Streptomyces griseus, S. olivaceus, Bacillus megaterium, B. coagulans, Pseudomonas denitrificans, Propionibacterium

L-Glutamic Acid Production
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Industrial microbiology

L-Glutamic Acid Production

Dr. K. Ikeda, a Japanese scientist, extracted glutamic acid from kelp, a marine alga, by means of acid hydrolysis and

Penicillin Production
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Industrial microbiology

Penicillin Production

In 1929, Alexander Flemming found that the mould Penicillium notatum secreted penicillin. However, the lytic agent appeared to be too

Ethanol Production
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Industrial microbiology

Ethanol Production

What is Ethanol? Ethanol Formula The molecular formula for ethanol is C2H6O, which indicates that it contains two carbon atoms

Acetic Acid Production
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Industrial microbiology

Acetic Acid Production

What is Acetic Acid? Properties of  Acetic acid-CH3COOH CH3COOH Acetic Acid Molecular weight/molar mass of CH3COOH 60.052 g/mol Density of

Gluconic Acid Production
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Industrial microbiology

Gluconic Acid Production

Gluconic Acid is the 16 stereoisomers of 2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhexanoic acid. It is an inorganic chemical. It occurs naturally in honey, plants,

Lactic Acid Production
MN Editors
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Industrial microbiology

Lactic Acid Production

Lactic acid is manufactured commercially by both synthetic and fermentation processes. It is made synthetically in Japan and the United

Citric Acid Production
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Industrial microbiology

Citric Acid Production

What is Citric Acid? Properties of Citric Acid – C6H8O7 C6H8O7 Citric Acid Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 192.124 g/mol Density

Downstream Processing Steps
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Industrial microbiology

Downstream Processing Steps

What is Downstream processing? Downstream processing refers to the procedures required to recover and purify fermentation-produced products. In the step