Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC) – Transmission, Disease, Pathogenesis, Treatment

Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC)

What is Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC)? Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) is a pathogenic bacteria that shares similarities with Shigella, a bacteria known to cause shigellosis. EIEC infections lead to a syndrome that closely resembles shigellosis, characterized by severe diarrhea and high fever. Unlike other types of E. coli, EIEC is highly invasive and enters intestinal … Read more

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) – Pathogenesis, Treatments, Diagnosis, Prevention

Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections with D-Mannose

What is Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)? A urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to an infection that affects a part of the urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. Here are some important points about UTIs: UTIs can cause discomfort and may lead to complications if left untreated. Prompt medical attention, appropriate … Read more

Rickettsia Infection – Transmission, Diagnosis, Pathogenesis, Treatment

Rickettsia Infection - Tick-Borne Rickettsioses And Spotted Fever

What is Rickettsia? Features of Rickettsia Transmission of Rickettsia Diagnosis of Rickettsia Diagnosing rickettsial diseases can be challenging, and it often relies on a combination of clinical recognition, epidemiological context, and laboratory testing. Here are some key points regarding the diagnosis of Rickettsia infections: Epidemiology of Rickettsia Pathogenesis of Rickettsioses Signs and Symptoms of rickettsial diseases The signs and … Read more

Hand Washing Steps And Guidelines By CDC and WHO with Video and Infographic

Guidelines of handwashing by the World Health Organization (WHO)

Handwashing is a fundamental and essential practice in basic hygiene that helps to prevent the transmission and spread of infectious agents. Poor hygiene practices can have a significant impact on causing various infections, including those affecting the skin, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal system. Respiratory and gastrointestinal infections are often associated with a lack of or … Read more

Germ Theory of Disease

Germ Theory of Disease - Spontaneous Generation

What is Germ Theory of Disease? Germ theory of disease definition The Germ Theory of Disease posits that specific diseases are caused by the invasion of the body by microorganisms, often invisible to the naked eye, which proliferate and cause illness. These microorganisms include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protists. Who proposed the germ theory of … Read more

Types of Crystals in Urine – Causes, Factors, Identification

Types of Crystals in Urine

Crystals in Urine Urine is a complex fluid that contains various chemicals, and under certain conditions, these chemicals can solidify and form salt crystals. This phenomenon is known as crystalluria. When examining urine samples, the presence of crystals is often assessed as part of a urinalysis, which measures different substances in the urine. While normal … Read more

Pathogen Virulence Factors Definition and Pathogenicity

Virulence Factors

Virulence Definition Virulence define the intensity of a pathogen to cause disease. The Virulence varies among different microbial species. Virulence enables the microorganism to carry a specific character which can damage the tissue of the host cell. Virulence helps the microorganism to better survive its residency in the host. The virulence property of an organism varies … Read more

Transmission of Diseases

Transmission of Disease

Maintain an infectious disease in a human population the pathogens must need to be transmitted from one host or source to another. In Biology the term transmission is refers to the passing of a pathogen from one individual to another individual which can cause a serious disease or infection. The transmission of disease is occurred … Read more

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