Robertson’s Cooked Meat Medium (RCM Medium) – Composition, Preparation, Uses

Robertson’s Cooked Meat Medium (RCM Medium) Preparation, Composition.

Cooked Meat Medium was originally developed by Robertson to cultivate specific anaerobes isolated from wounds.
The current formulation is a modified version, sometimes referred to by the name of Chopped Meat Medium, which allows for the growth of a variety of spores and non-spore-forming strict anaerobes.

Transport Media – Definition, Types, Principle, Uses, Examples

Transport Media Used in Laboratories

Transport media are basically buffer solutions that contain carbohydrate, peptones, along with other nutritional elements (excluding growing factors) that are designed to protect the health of bacteria during transport, without allowing for their multiplicity. The main goal of utilization of the medium is to keep the sample as close to its original condition as is possible.

Simmons Citrate Agar Composition, Principle, Preparation, Results, Uses

Simmons Citrate Agar

What is Simmons Citrate Agar? Composition of Simmons Citrate Agar Ingredients Gms/liter Magnesium sulfate 0.200 Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 1.000 Dipotassium phosphate 1.000 Sodium citrate 2.000 Sodium chloride 5.000 Bromothymol blue 0.080 Agar 15.000 Final pH ( at 25°C) 6.8±0.2 Principle of Simmons Citrate Agar The principle of Simmons Citrate Agar revolves around the ability of … Read more

Columbia Blood Agar Base w/ Hemin – Composition, Preparation, Principle, Result, Uses

Columbia Blood Agar Base w/ Hemin - Composition, Preparation, Principle, Result, Uses

What is Columbia Blood Agar Base? Principle of Columbia Blood Agar Base The principle of Columbia Blood Agar Base lies in its composition and functionality in supporting the growth and differentiation of various bacterial species. Here are the key principles of Columbia Blood Agar Base: In summary, the principle of Columbia Blood Agar Base lies … Read more

Bile Esculin Agar (BEA) Principle, Composition, Preparation, Results, Uses

Bile Esculin Agar (BEA) Principle, Composition, Preparation, Results, Uses

What is Bile Esculin Agar (BEA)? Bile Esculin Agar (BEA) Composition Bile Esculin Agar (BEA) contains the following ingredients per liter of the medium: The final pH of the medium, when measured at 25°C, is approximately 6.6±0.2. These specific components and their concentrations are carefully selected to create a medium that is selective and differential … Read more

Culture Media Preparation, Maintenance and Preservation

Culture Media Preparation

Culture media refers to the nutrient-rich substances used in laboratories to cultivate microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. These substances, which may be liquid or solid, give the microbes with the required nutrients, minerals, and other elements for growth and reproduction. In the late 19th century, when scientists first began to study microorganisms in depth, … Read more

Columbia CNA Agar – Composition, Preparation, Uses, and Results

Columbia CNA Agar - Composition, Preparation, Uses, and Results

What is Columbia CNA Agar? Columbia CNA Agar with 5% Sheep Blood Composition of Columbia CNA Agar per Liter of Medium The composition of Columbia CNA Agar can be summarized as follows, considering the information provided: Ingredients: The base of Columbia CNA Agar is prepared using a nutritionally rich medium that includes different peptones to … Read more

Culture Media Examples, Components and Primary Purpose

Culture Media Examples, Components and Primary Purpose

Culture Media Examples Components/Comments Primary Purpose Bile esculin agar (BEA) Nutrient agar base with ferric citrate. Hydrolysis of esculin by group D streptococci imparts a brown color to medium; sodium deoxycholate inhibits many bacteria. Differential isolation and presumptive identification of group D streptococci and enterococci Bile esculin azide agar with vancomycin Contains azide to inhibit … Read more

Burkholderia Cepacia Agar Base Preparation, Composition, Principle

Burkholderia Cepacia Agar Base Preparation

Burkholderia cepacia can be viewed as an opportunity-based bacterium that is associated with nosocomial illnesses caused by contamination of medical equipment and disinfectants. However, the highest risk group is CF patients. People with cystic fibrosis are at an increased risk of infection. those with the infection, if not treated are prone to rapid declines of lung functions, frequent bacteremia and even death due to lung dysfunction.

Classification of Culture Media

Classification of Culture Media

When it comes to culturing bacteria, it is crucial to create the same environmental and nutritional conditions as those found in the natural environment. The majority of culture mediums contain water, which is a major source of carbon and energy and nitrogen. It also contains trace elements, as well as some growth factors. In addition, the pH as well as oxygen tension and Osmolarity must also be considered. Some of the components of media for culture include: Although tap water is appropriate for the use of culture media, it shouldn’t be used in the event that it contains a significant amounts of minerals. In these instances the use of demineralised or distillated water is recommended.

Preparation of Solid Media – Agar deep tubes, Agar Slants, Plates

Preparation of Solid Media - agar deep tubes, Agar Slants, Plates

If the broth medium is supplemented with agar-agar it is referred to as agar medium like the nutrient Agar Medium (NAM) for the cultivation of bacteria potato dextrose (PDA) medium for the cultivation and storage of general fungi Czapek Dox agar (CDA) medium for fungi, starch-casein (SCA) media for the cultivation of actinomycetes, and so on.

Lysogeny broth (LB) Preparation

Lysogeny broth (LB) Preparation

LB is the most widely used bacterial culture medium but its roots lie in the area of genetics of bacteriophage. Guiseppi Bertani developed the LB recipe when he was trying to increase the amount of plaque that formed on an indicator strain of Shigella (Bertani 1952). As per Bertani, LB has been often misinterpreted to mean “Luria Broth”, “Luria-Bertani” medium, or “Lennox Broth”; however the original acronym stood as “Lysogeny Broth” (Bertani, 2004). The agar version of the medium is identified as LA however, it is frequently called LB. While initially developed to study bacteriophage in addition to Shigella growth, LB subsequently became the most preferred medium to grow Escherichia bacteria and other species of the enteric.

Preparation of Liquid Medium/broth

Preparation of Liquid Medium/broth

The process of growing an organism in the surface of a medium is known as culture. The food source that supports the development of the organism is known as a culture medium. The media for culture are designed so that the organism will receive all the nutrition requirements. However, the media for culture are made in laboratories by weighing and dispensing particular ingredients or by purchasing ready-made media on the market. The majority of the media include organic as well as inorganic nutrients. However, to cultivate a variety of microorganisms, special media are created. If the media is to be solidified required, agar-agar can be mixed with other ingredients. The culture media can be classified into three categories that include semi-synthetic, natural and synthetic media each of which is employed for microbiological studies.

Bird Seed Agar (Staibs Medium) Composition, Principle, Preparation

Bird Seed Agar Composition, Principle, Preparation, Results, Uses, Limitations

Bird Seed Agar Bird Seed Agar is an effective solid medium to isolate selectively and differentially of Cryptococcus Neoformans from clinical specimens. It is utilized for the specific isolation from Cryptococcus neoformans as well as C. Gattii. C. Neoformans typically grows as yeast (unicellular) and reproduces via budding. Cryptococcus Neoformans is an enclosed yeast, which makes the enzyme phenoloxidase an enzyme that is essential to melanin production. 

Brucella Agar Composition, Principle, Preparation, Results, Uses

Brucella Agar Composition, Principle, Preparation, Results, Uses

Brucella is an intracellular parasite which causes epizootic abortions for animals, and septicemic febrile disease or localized infections of tissues, bones or organ systems of humans. Brucella species are very meticulous and require a rich nutrient environment to develop. Additionally, Brucella species are highly infectious, and therefore extreme caution should be exercised when handling.

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