Cytopathology is the study of disease at the cellular level, typically using samples of cells or tissues that have been collected from the body. Cytopathologists use a variety of techniques, including microscopy and molecular testing, to examine cells and identify abnormalities or changes that may indicate the presence of a disease.
Cytopathologists often work in diagnostic laboratories, where they interpret samples collected during biopsies or other diagnostic procedures. They may also be involved in research on the development and progression of diseases at the cellular level.
There are several different types of cytopathology, including:
Gynecological cytopathology: This subspecialty focuses on the diagnosis of diseases of the female reproductive system, including cancer of the cervix, uterus, and ovaries.
Pulmonary cytopathology: This subspecialty focuses on the diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory system, including lung cancer and other respiratory disorders.
Non-gynecological cytopathology: This subspecialty focuses on the diagnosis of diseases in other parts of the body, including the liver, pancreas, and thyroid gland.
Molecular cytopathology: This subspecialty involves the use of molecular techniques to identify and characterize abnormalities in cells.
Cytopathology plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of many diseases, as it can provide important information about the presence and nature of a disease at an early stage.