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MCQ on Fungi Introduction

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Biology MCQ – MCQ on Fungi Introduction

1. A fungus is any member of –

  • Eukaryotic
  • Prokaryotic

2. Example of fungus are –

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  • yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis
  • Streptococcus pyrogenes
  • Euglenophyta

3. A characteristic that places fungi in a different kingdom from plants, bacteria, and some protists is

  • chitin in their cell walls
  • photosynthesize like plants
  • they possess specialized structures and cell-organelles, like centrioles and flagella
  • contain three types of double-membrane-bound organelles: the nucleus, the chloroplast, and the mitochondrion.

4. Fungi, are –

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  • consumers
  • heterotrophs
  • autotrophs

5. Fungi do not –

  • contain chitin
  • photosynthesize
  • Heterotrophs feed on dead and decaying matter

6. Fungi are the principal _______in ecological systems.

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7. This fungi division includes ‘Club fungi’

  • Zygomycota
  • Deuteromycota
  • Basidiomycota
  • Ascomycota

8. This group is used to represent pathological fungi

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  • Penicillium
  • Truffles, mushrooms and morels
  • Smuts, rusts and moulds
  • All of the above

9. The fungi which derive their food directly from dead organic matter are known as

  • Predators
  • Decomposers
  • Mutualists
  • Parasitic fungi

10. What is the name of the special hyphal tips through which parasitic fungi absorb nutrients directly from the cytoplasm of the living host?

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  • Haustoria
  • Mildew
  • Constricting ring
  • All of the above

11. Which of these entities is an indicator of the SO2 pollution of air?

  • Puffballs
  • Mushrooms
  • Mosses
  • Lichens

12. The fungal disease – the black rust of wheat is caused by

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  • Melampsora lini
  • Claviceps purpurea
  • Puccinia graminis tritici
  • Albugo candida

13. What does ‘Perfect stage’ of a fungus indicate?

  • indicates that it can reproduce asexually
  • indicates that it is perfectly healthy
  • indicates that it is able to form perfect sexual spores
  • All of the above

14. Death angel/death cap (amanita) and Jack O Lantern mushroom are all examples of

  • Poisonous mushrooms
  • Edible mushrooms
  • None of the above
  • Both (a) and (b)

15. Covered smut of Sorghum is caused by

  • Sphacelotheca sorghi
  • Sphacelotheca cruenta
  • Sphacelotheca reiliana
  • Tolyposporium ehrenbergii

16. Oyster mushroom is an example of predator fungi that attacks

  • Tapeworms
  • Pinworms
  • Platyhelminthes
  • Roundworms

17. Fungi are ……

  • Non-plants
  • Non-photosynthetic
  • Non-motile
  • Saprobes

18. Fungi do releases …………………………………………………………….. To do break down of organic material or their host.

  • Chemicals
  • Digestive enzymes
  • Glycogen
  • Rhizomes

19. Body of fungi is known as-

  • Thallus
  • Chitin
  • Stem
  • Leaves

20. Which of the following chemical is used to kill fungi?

  • Pesticide
  • Fungicide
  • Insecticide
  • Algaecide

21. …………… are the root like structure of hyphae that anchor the fungus

  • Rhizoids
  • Stolons
  • Septa
  • Thallus

22. Coenocytic fungi are …

  • With septa
  • One septa
  • Two septa
  • Without septa

23. In asexual spores, the production of spores is by

  • Single mycelium
  • Double mycelium
  • Triple mycelium
  • Quaternary mycelium

24. Which of the following is bread molds?

  • Basidiomycota
  • Zygomycota
  • Lichens
  • AM fungi

25. Which of the following show benefits of fungus to the humans?

  • Human diseases
  • Allergies
  • Hormone production
  • Toxins

26. The puccinia is also known as

  • Rust fungi
  • Golden fungi
  • Rock fungi
  • Blue fungi

27. The molds that are consists of long, branched, thread like filaments of cells known as

  • Hyphae
  • Henle
  • Hilum
  • Hamuli

28. The fungi are important …………………………Of organic matter

  • Producers
  • Makers
  • Decomposers
  • Parasites

29. Which property of fungi separates them from plants?

  • Have chlorophyll
  • Have Stem
  • Lack of chlorophyll
  • Have petals

30. …….. Type of fungi is sexual fungi.

  • Anamorph
  • Imperfect mitotic
  • Holomorph
  • Telemorphs

31. The nuclear fusion phase where positive and negative nuclei fuse to form a diploid zygote nucleus is also known as ………

  • Karyogamy
  • Plasmogamy
  • Meiosis
  • Cell fusion

32. Ascospores that are produced within spherical cell are known as

  • Smutes
  • Hyphae
  • Henle
  • Asci

33. Economically important yeast produces

  • Waste water
  • Avoid fermentation
  • Ethanol
  • Beer destroyer

34. A small generated cell that becomes large and separate from mother cells is a process of

  • Fermentation
  • Budding
  • Fragmentation
  • Fission

35. Some of yeasts produce buds which fail to detach themselves and forms short chain of cell known as

  • Blue buds
  • Pseudohypha
  • Rusthenle
  • Candida

36. Bread moulds and fruits are examples of………………….. Type of fungi.

  • Zygote fungi
  • Sac fungi
  • Club fungi
  • Puffballs
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