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MCQ on Polarizing Microscopes

A polarizing microscope is a specialized type of microscope that uses polarizing filters to analyze the properties of materials. It is used to study the ...

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Sourav Bio

A polarizing microscope is a specialized type of microscope that uses polarizing filters to analyze the properties of materials. It is used to study the optical properties of minerals, polymers, and other materials, and can be used to determine the purity, crystalline structure, and birefringence of these materials.

Polarizing microscopes work by passing light through a polarizing filter, which only allows certain wavelengths of light to pass through. This light is then directed through the sample being analyzed, and the resulting image is passed through a second polarizing filter (called the analyzer) that can be rotated to control the plane of polarization of the light. By analyzing the changes in the intensity of the light as the analyzer is rotated, the optical properties of the sample can be determined.

Polarizing microscopes are often used in geology, materials science, and other fields where the analysis of the optical properties of materials is important. They are also used in research and development, quality control, and other applications where the purity and crystalline structure of materials need to be determined.

1. What is the main purpose of a polarizing microscope?

a. To magnify small objects

b. To view objects in 3D

c. To analyze the properties of materials

d. To view objects in different colors

Answer: c

2. What is the primary difference between a polarizing microscope and a regular microscope?

a. Polarizing microscopes use polarizing filters to analyze the properties of materials

b. Polarizing microscopes have higher magnification power

c. Polarizing microscopes have a larger field of view

d. Polarizing microscopes have a built-in camera

Answer: a

3. What type of microscope would be best for analyzing the birefringence of a mineral sample?

a. Compound microscope

b. Stereomicroscope

c. Polarizing microscope

d. Electron microscope

Answer: c

4. How does a polarizing microscope work?

a. By using two polarizing filters to cancel out light waves

b. By using a polarizing filter and a beam splitter to separate light waves

c. By using a polarizing filter and a wave plate to alter the phase of light waves

d. By using a polarizing filter and a phase contrast plate to enhance contrast

Answer: c

5. Which of the following is NOT a common use of a polarizing microscope?

a. Analyzing the crystal structure of minerals

b. Examining the thickness and composition of thin films

c. Viewing living cells in 3D

d. Determining the purity of chemicals

Answer: c

6. What is the maximum amount of magnification that a polarizing microscope can achieve?

a. 1000x

b. 2500x

c. 5000x

d. It depends on the objective lenses and eyepieces used

Answer: d

7. What is a Nicol prism?

a. A type of objective lens used in polarizing microscopes

b. A type of eyepiece used in polarizing microscopes

c. A type of light source used in polarizing microscopes

d. A type of polarizing filter used in polarizing microscopes

Answer: d

8. What is the purpose of the analyzer in a polarizing microscope?

a. To control the intensity of the light source

b. To adjust the focus of the image

c. To rotate the plane of polarization of the light

d. To block out unwanted light waves

Answer: c

9. What is the objective aperture used for in a polarizing microscope?

a. To control the amount of light entering the objective lens

b. To adjust the focus of the image

c. To rotate the plane of polarization of the light

d. To block out unwanted light waves

Answer: a

10. What is the purpose of the Bertrand lens in a polarizing microscope?

a. To magnify the image

b. To adjust the focus of the image

c. To rotate the plane of polarization of the light

d. To block out unwanted light waves

Answer: b

Citation

APA

Sourav Bio. (January 2, 2023).MCQ on Polarizing Microscopes. Retrieved from https://microbiologynote.com/mcq-on-polarizing-microscopes/

MLA

Sourav Bio. "MCQ on Polarizing Microscopes." Microbiology Note, Microbiologynote.com, January 2, 2023.

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