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MCQ on Rabies Virus

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Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system and is almost always fatal if left untreated. The virus is typically transmitted through the bite of an infected animal, although it can also be transmitted through contact with infected bodily fluids or tissues. The rabies virus is found in the saliva of infected animals and is usually transmitted through a bite that breaks the skin. Once the virus enters the body, it travels through the nerves to the brain, where it multiplies and spreads to other parts of the body. The incubation period for the rabies virus can range from a few days to several months, depending on the location of the bite and the amount of virus that entered the body. The most common symptoms of rabies infection in humans are fever, headache, and weakness, followed by symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, abnormal behavior, and hallucinations. If left untreated, rabies can progress to paralysis and eventually death.

1. What is the primary mode of transmission of the rabies virus?

A) Ingestion of infected food or water B) Bites from infected animals C) Contact with infected bodily fluids D) Inhaling infected respiratory droplets

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2. Which of the following animals are most commonly infected with the rabies virus?

A) Dogs B) Cats C) Cows D) Birds

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3. What is the primary symptom of rabies infection in humans?

A) Fever B) Rash C) Paralysis D) Vomiting

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4. Can the rabies virus be transmitted from person to person?

A) Yes B) No

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5. What is the incubation period for the rabies virus in humans?

A) 1-3 days B) 2-4 weeks C) 1-3 months D) 3-6 months

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6. What is the most effective way to prevent rabies infection?

A) Washing the wound thoroughly with soap and water B) Applying a disinfectant to the wound C) Receiving the rabies vaccine D) Using antibiotics

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7. Can the rabies virus be treated once symptoms have developed?

A) Yes B) No

8. How many people die from rabies globally each year?

A) Fewer than 100 B) Between 100 and 1,000 C) Between 1,000 and 10,000 D) More than 10,000

9. Can the rabies virus be transmitted to animals other than mammals?

A) Yes B) No

10. Which of the following countries has the highest incidence of rabies?

A) United States B) India C) China D) Brazil

Answer Key

  1. B
  2. A
  3. C
  4. No
  5. C
  6. C
  7. No
  8. D
  9. Yes
  10. B

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