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Parts of a Microscope and Their Functions

Parts of Microscope

What are Microscopes? Parts of a Microscope Advertisements The microscope parts are divided into two main categories,  such as; Structural parts of a microscope and their functions Structural parts of a microscope Location Function Head (Body Tube) Situated at the microscope’s apex. Serves as a pivotal connector, linking the eyepiece to the objective lenses, ensuring … Read more

Central Dogma Theory of Molecular Biology and Genetic Code

Central Dogma Replication, Transcription, Translation

DNA is the full genetic information that determines the nature and function that an animal has. Proteins are made by the genetic code contained in DNA. Conversion of DNA encoded data to RNA is necessary to make proteins. So, in the majority of cells, genetic information is transferred from – DNA to RNA, and then to protein. The transfer of information is controlled by three different processes that help in the transfer of genetic information as well as its transformation into a different form:

Stokes Disc Diffusion Method – Principle, Procedure, Result.

Stokes Disc Diffusion Method Principle, Procedure, Result.

Stokes disc diffusion method isn’t as well-standardized as Kirby-Bauer’s method and is utilized in labs especially where the exact amount of antimicrobial present in discs isn’t known because of the difficulty in getting discs and correctly storing them or when other requirements needed for the Kirby-Bauer method cannot be fulfilled.

Robertson’s Cooked Meat Medium (RCM Medium) – Composition, Preparation, Uses

Robertson’s Cooked Meat Medium (RCM Medium) Preparation, Composition.

Cooked Meat Medium was originally developed by Robertson to cultivate specific anaerobes isolated from wounds.
The current formulation is a modified version, sometimes referred to by the name of Chopped Meat Medium, which allows for the growth of a variety of spores and non-spore-forming strict anaerobes.

Ornithine Decarboxylase Test – Principle, Procedure, Result

Ornithine Decarboxylase Test - Principle, Procedure, Result

What is the ornithine decarboxylase test? Objectives of Decarboxylase Test Principle of Ornithine decarboxylase test/Principle of Decarboxylase Test Requirement Advertisements The combination of these specific media, reagents, and supplies facilitates the accurate execution of the Decarboxylase Test. Each component plays a distinct role, from providing essential nutrients and pH indicators in the medium to ensuring … Read more

15 Difference Between Antiseptic and Antibiotic

Difference Between antiseptic and Antibiotic

What is antiseptic? Types and examples of Antiseptics Advertisements Antiseptics, integral to infection control, are classified into various types based on their chemical composition and specific applications. Uses of antiseptics Antiseptics play a crucial role in preventing and controlling infections in various settings. Their applications are diverse, ranging from medical procedures to everyday first aid. … Read more

Centrioles – Definition, Structure, Functions

Centrioles and Basal Bodies - Definition, Structure, Functions

What are Centrioles? Definition of Centrioles Advertisements Centrioles are cylindrical, microtubule-based structures found in most eukaryotic cells, playing a crucial role in cell division by aiding in the formation of the spindle apparatus and in cellular processes like the formation of cilia and flagella. They are typically composed of nine sets of microtubule triplets and … Read more

Macrophage – Definition, Structure, Mechanism, Functions

Macrophage - Definition, Structure, Mechanism, Functions

What are Macrophages? Definition of Macrophage Advertisements A macrophage is a type of white blood cell found in the immune system, known for its ability to engulf and digest cellular debris, foreign substances, and pathogens. It plays a crucial role in both innate and adaptive immunity, aiding in defense against infections and in tissue repair. … Read more

Nucleus – Definition, Structure, Diagram, and Functions

Nucleus Definition, Structure, Diagram, and Functions

Cell biology describes the nucleus is the big organelle, with a membrane-bounded structure that holds the genetic material form of numerous linear DNA molecules arranged into chromosomes, which are the structures that make up the nucleus. In the field of cell biology, the nucleus’s function is to serve as the central point of control for the cells. This is due to the fact that it holds the genetic material that code for the essential functions of cells. 

Lipids – Definition, Structure, Properties, Types, Functions, Examples

Lipids Definition, Structure, Properties, types, Examples, and Functions

It is common to discuss fat as if it was a villainous substance that is bent to destroy our diets. However, they are beautiful tiny molecules composed of three hydrocarbon tails that are attached to a small coathanger-like molecule known as Glycerol. Similar to the other big organic molecules they perform crucial functions in the biology of both humans and other living things. (Also numerous recent diet studies suggest that sugar can cause many more health issues that fat!)

Protein Synthesis Inhibitors – Definition, Mechanism, Examples

Inhibitors of Protein Synthesis (Translation)

What are Protein Synthesis Inhibitors? Types of Protein synthesis inhibitors Advertisements On the basis of target organisms inhibitor of protein synthesis is categories as follows- 1. Acting only on prokaryotes 2. Acting on prokaryotes and Eukaryotes 3. Acting only on Eukaryotes Mechanism of Protein synthesis inhibitors Protein synthesis, a core biological process, occurs at the … Read more

Proteins – Structure, Properties, Type, Denaturation, Functions

Proteins Definition, Properties, Structure, Classification, Functions

Proteins are the largest macromolecules in biology, found throughout every cell. They are also the most adaptable organic molecule in living system and is found in a many various kinds that range in size from small polymers to huge peptides. Proteins are polymers composed of amino acids, which are connected by peptide bonds. Proteins, the protein building blocks are the naturally occurring twenty amino acids. Proteins are, therefore, the multimers made up of amino acids.

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