The male accessory ducts and glands are an important part of the male reproductive system and are responsible for the production, storage, and transport of semen. The major functions of male accessory ducts and glands are:
- Production and secretion of seminal fluid: The seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and bulbourethral gland produce and secrete the seminal fluid, which is a major component of semen. This fluid provides nutrients and energy to the sperm, helps to neutralize the acidity of the female reproductive tract, and aids in the motility of the sperm.
- Storage and transport of sperm: The epididymis is responsible for the storage and maturation of sperm, which are transported from the testes to the epididymis via the vas deferens. The vas deferens also helps to transport the sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct and eventually to the urethra for ejaculation.
- Regulation of ejaculation: The smooth muscle in the male accessory ducts, including the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and vas deferens, helps to regulate the flow of semen during ejaculation.
- Neutralization of urine in the urethra: The bulbourethral gland secretes a clear, viscous fluid that helps to neutralize any residual urine in the urethra prior to ejaculation.