CGPA to Percentage Calculation, What is CGPA?

CGPA to Percentage Calculation, In this article we will learn how we can calculate percentage from CGPA for CBSE students.

In India, normally, college students obtain their evaluation both as a share (%) or CGPA (normally, on a scale of 10, 7, or 4). Within the US, universities normally undertake a 4- level GPA scale.


For the parents who need to pursue MBA or MS in the USA or MS in Canada, it’s very important to know the way the CGPA (or GPA) grading system works and  convert CGPA to Share and Indian Share to GPA on the US 4.0-scale.

In this article, we’ll first undergo the calculation and conversion of Indian CGPA to Share and vice-versa. Secondly, we’ll have a look at converting Indian Share and Indian CGPA to GPA on the US 4.0 Scale.


Introduction of CGPA Grading System

The full form of CGPA is Cumulative Grade Point Average, additionally known as simply GPA. It’s used to measure pupil’s efficiency for his or her respective programs. Introducing the Grade system in training is the method of making use of standardized measurement for various ranges of accomplishment in a course.

The grades might be assigned as letters like ‘A’ via ‘F’, as a variety like 1 to six, as a proportion, or as a quantity out of an attainable whole. In some international locations, yearly grades are averaged to calculate the grade factors a pupil earns in a given time frame.


They’re usually calculated for highschool, undergraduate, and graduate college students and sooner or later, it may be utilized by academic establishments or potential employers to evaluate completely different candidates.

What is CGPA?

Earlier than you progress on to know methods to convert CGPA to Proportion, allow us to first know concerning the time period ‘CGPA’. It’s a frequent phrase that you will need to have come throughout your class tenth outcomes.


CGPA stands for Cumulative Grade Level Common which is known as the sum of all of your grade factors in a given semester or educational 12 months of a curriculum. Within the CGPA system, grades are allotted on the idea of the variety of marks that you simply rating. For instance, for those who get an A in a topic then the marks will likely vary between 90 to 95 and your grade level will likely be 9.

Allow us to perceive methods to calculate CGPA from topic grade factors (GPs)? Add the GPs of 5 topics excluding the extra topics and easily divide the sum whole by 5 and the outcome will likely be your CGPA. For instance, for those who scored 7 in Maths, 10 in English, 9 in French, 10 in Science, and eight in Social Research, then your CGPA will likely be (7+10+9+10+8)/5 = 8.8


To seek out out the share of 1 specific topic, you’ll have to multiply the grade level of that topic with 9.5.

When did the CGPA Grade system be introduced in CBSE?

Earlier than 2011, the Central Board of Secondary Schooling had standards for rewarding marks. In 2011, it changed the standards to the CGPA system.


Why is it used?

The CGPA is used to indicate the general efficiency of the coed within the tutorial session as grades. The CGPA system was launched to ease the burden of marks and the stress of the examinations amongst college students.

Attributable to this motive, the CGPA system can also be utilized in a few of the bachelor’s and Grasp’s Diploma.

Pros and Cons of CGPA Grading System

There are several Pros and Cons of CGPA Grading System such as;


  1. The CGPA system eradicates the sense of competitors which is the idea of motivation for a few of the college students. By eradicating the competitors, the scholars might goal for clearing solely the grades and never scoring increased.
  2. The end result just isn’t correct. Grades do not present the efficiency of the scholars precisely. Within the CGPA system, 91 marks are additionally A1 and 100 marks are additionally A1. Equally, a rating of 89 is A2 and 92 is A1 which is an enormous distinction within the grade however solely differs by 3 marks in actuality.
  3. Within the CCE system, the actions and initiatives are additionally accountable for the Grades of a scholar. So, a scholar would possibly get increased grades simply by performing higher in actions and never in Examinations.


  1. The CGPA system has launched grading which has lowered the strain of scoring greater marks because the marks are usually not written on the report playing cards.
  2. The eye to totally different topics may be given to totally different topics as per the grades. Functionality and Efficiency of topics may be decided simply.
  3. The scholars may be divided into totally different classes. This makes it simpler for academics to concentrate on totally different teams accordingly.
  4. It supplies the scholars with a transparent concept of their strengths and weak points in teachers.

Why is the CGPA system better or worse than Percentage?

It could possibly be concluded that one of many programs is sweet or dangerous, however some info may be considered. Each program has its professionals and cons.

The CGPA system just isn’t correct because it does not provide precisely the main points of the marks obtained by the coed.

But it surely relieves the scholars from scoring larger and moderately concentrate on studying in an enhanced manner.

Identical to a coin, all the things in this world have two faces, one and a foul one. Thus, these systems even have some professionals and cons which make them good and dangerous each. However, each system works on enhancing the teachers of a pupil and each is good in both manners.

How the CGPA and Percentage System Work in India

The vast majority of Indian Institutes (Schools and Universities) use both Percentage or grades as a technique of evaluation.

Premier establishments like IITs and NITs have their very own grading system for evaluation. The worldwide grading system (GPA/CGPA) utilized by faculties and institutes overseas is completely different from the Indian tutorial grading system which is predicated on the Percentage system (out of 100) or a 10-point GPA system.

Within the Percentage system, complete marks per topic are transformed to a proportion which is then categorized in 4 divisions:

  1. Distinction – 75% and above college students are certified
  2. 1st Division – College students reaching 60% to 75%
  3. 2nd Division – College students reaching 50% to 60%
  4. third Division – College students reaching 40% to 50%

How to calculate CGPA from subject grade points?

  1. Add Grade Points (GPs) for all the five main subjects.
  2. Now divide the number obtained by 5
  3. 3. The resultant number is your CGPA.

Assume the grade points of the 5 subjects are S1,S2,S3,S4,S5 and the total Grade point(GP) will be =S1+S2+S3+S4+S5.

Hence, CGPA=GP/5


Suppose you have secured 8 in Virology, 9 in Immunology, 7 in Medical, 6 in Biochemistry and 9 in IPR. Then your CGPA to percentage conversion will be:

Total CGPA = 8+9+7+6+9 = 39 

Average CGPA for all 5 Subjects = 39/5 = 7.8

How to Calculate Percentage From CGPA?





How to Calculate CGPA From Percentage?





Grade Reference Table For CBSE

MarksGradeGrade Points
91 – 100A110.0
81 – 90A29.0
71 – 80B18.0
61 – 70B27.0
51 – 60C16.0
41 – 50C25.0
33 – 40D4.0
21 – 32E1
00 – 20E2

Example of CGPA calculation

Suppose you have secured 8.5 in Immunology, 7.5 in Biochemistryi, 8.5 in Medical Microbiology, 9 in Industrial Microbiology, and 9.5 in Virology; then your CGPA to Percentage conversion will be:

Your Total CGPA = 8.5+7.5+8.5+9+9.5 = 43

Your Average CGPA for all 5 Subjects = 43/5 = 8.6

CGPA to Percentage Conversion = 8.6* 9.5 = 81.7%

Percentage to CGPA Conversion = 81.7/9.5 = 8.6

CGPA to Percentage Chart

10 CGPA95%
9.9 10 CGPA94.05%
9.8 CGPA93.1%
9.7 CGPA92.15%
9.6 CGPA91.2%
9.5 CGPA90.25%
9.4 CGPA89.3%
9.3 CGPA88.35%
9.2 CGPA87.4%
9.1 CGPA86.45%
9 CGPA85.5%
8.9 CGPA84.55%
8.8 CGPA83.6%
8.7 CGPA82.65%
8.6 CGPA81.7%
8.5 CGPA80.75%
8.4 CGPA79.8%
8.3 CGPA78.85%
8.2 CGPA77.9%
8.1 CGPA76.95%
8 CGPA76%
7.9 CGPA75.05%
7.8 CGPA74.1%
7.7 CGPA73.15%
7.6 CGPA72.2%
7.5 CGPA71.25%
7.4 CGPA70.3%
7.3 CGPA69.35%
7.2 CGPA68.4%
7.1 CGPA67.45%
7 CGPA66.5%
6.9 CGPA65.55%
6.8 CGPA64.6%
6.7 CGPA63.65%
6.6 CGPA62.7%
6.5 CGPA61.75%
6.4 CGPA60.8%
6.3 CGPA59.85%
6.2 CGPA58.9%
6.1 CGPA57.95%
6 CGPA57%
5.9 CGPA56.05%
5.8 CGPA55.1%
5.7 CGPA54.15%
5.6 CGPA53.2%
5.5 CGPA52.25%
5.4 CGPA51.3%
5.3 CGPA50.35%
5.2 CGPA49.4%
5.1 CGPA48.45%
5 CGPA47.5%
4.9 CGPA46.55%
4.8 CGPA45.6%
4.7 CGPA44.65%
4.6 CGPA43.7%
4.5 CGPA42.75%
4.4 CGPA41.8%
4.3 CGPA40.85%
4.2 CGPA39.9%
4.1 CGPA38.95%
4 CGPA38%

Why Multiply with 9.5 Only?

The Central Board of Secondary Schooling took the results of the final 5 years and calculate the typical marks obtained by all college students who had scored between 91 and 100.

The common marks have been almost equal to 95. For the reason that equal GP for 91 – 100 band of marks (A1 grade) is 10, they divided the typical marks by 10, i.e. 95/10 and the outcome got here out to be 9.5. You should utilize the calculator to transform your CGPA.

CGPA to Percentage Conversion for UPSC

UPSC typically asks candidates to submit their proportion obtained on the undergraduate stage. In case your college has supplied CGPA or grades in your bachelor’s diploma, then the equal proportion of marks is taken into account as per College pointers and you might want to fill the potential proportion after conversion.

In case, if the college has not specified any pointers, the UPSC has supplied its personal conversion methodology, i.e. the indicative proportion of marks shall be calculated the CGPA. 

As an example, when you have acquired 7.0 to 10, to transform your CGPA to proportion you might want to simply multiply it by 10, i.e. your proportion shall be 70%.

What are the differences between CGPA and Percentage?

Average of GPA.Average of absolute scores of individual subjects.
Used by CBSE and various universities to grade candidates. Dropped by most of the educational institutes.
Promotes healthy competition.  Challenges students and increases competition. 
Gives a better understanding of the candidate’s performance throughout the year. Easy, simple and clear grading system. 
Easy to convert CGPA to percentage.A lot of calculations required to obtain an average percentage. 

What do the abbreviations found in results mean?

EIOPEligible for Improvement of Performance
QUALQualified for Admission to Higher Classes
N.ENot Eligible
R.WResult Withheld
UFMUnfair Means
TRNSTransfer Case
N.RNot Registered
XXXXAppeared for Upgradation of Performance/ Additional Subject
NIOPNot Eligible for Improvement of Performance

CGPA to Percentage in Indian Universities

There are quite a few universities in India which have their system to transform CGPA to Share. These universities typically add a web-based calculator on their official web site to assist college students calculate their CGPA whereas making use of for a program.

Let’s check out the conversion system of some main Indian universities for CGPA to Share.

(i) Vidyasagar University: 

  • In case of annual system, percentage (%) of marks will be calculated on the basis of UG (Hons) marks obtained (Part-I, Part-II & Part-III taking together).
  • In case of semester (CBCS) system, UG (Hons) equivalent percentage of marks converted from CGPA based on the all semesters ( Sem-I to Sem-VI), as per the rule  fixed by their respective home institution.
    • For the Vidyasagar University semester system (CBCS):  Let, CGPA = 7.1, The equivalent percentage of marks for V.U. students (as per conversion rule of V.U) = 7.1 ×10 = 71
    • For other institutions with semester system (CBCS): Similarly, for the students of other University/ Institution and Autonomous Colleges affiliated to V.U, percentage of marks will be calculated as per the percentage conversion rule fixed by their home University/ Institution and Colleges. 

(ii) Delhi University (DU): 

Final Percentage of Marks = 9.5 x CGPA of all semesters (This conversion formula was mainly provided for students under Choice Based Credit System (CBCS).

(iii) Mumbai University (MU):

Percentage= 7.25 * CGPA +11.

(iv) Anna University:

One other outstanding method to transform CGPA to % offered in India is designed by Anna College which was launched as a regulation in 2018. Having been modified constantly in the previous few years, the current type of the conversion desk for CGPA to Share by Anna College might be discovered here.

(v) GTU (Gujarat Technological University):

Percentage: [(CGPA/SPI/CPI-0.5)] *10

(vi) KTU APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University(KTU):

CGPA= Sum of (Ci*GPi)/ Sum of (Ci) where Ci= Credit assigned to a particular course and GPi= Grade Point for the course. 

In this system, the summation is carried out for all courses in which the students have registered during the program for which you need to calculate CGPA and you also need to include failed courses as well.

Now, the percentage can be calculated by using the following formula: Percentage = 10*G

(v) VTU (Visvesaraya Technological University):

Percentage= [CGPA-0.75] * 10

(vi) MAKAUT (Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology):

Percentage= [CGPA-0.75]* 10

(vii) CGPA to Percentage Calculation for Bharathiar University

Grade Point Average (GPA)

GPA = Σ(iCi×GPi)/ΣiCi, Where iCi = credit assigned for a course, GPi = grade point for that course.

The failed courses in the semester are also accounted in the summation.

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)

CGPA =ΣnΣi Cni GPni / Σn Σi Cni

where iCi = credit assigned for a course

GPni = grade point for that course. The summation is completed for all programs registered by the coed throughout all of the semesters for which the CGPA is required. CGPA for the UG programme is arrived at by contemplating all course credit which are wanted for the diploma and their respective grade factors.

WES Evaluation (Officially Accepted by US and Canadian Universities)

Nonetheless, if you’ll want to get it performed for a selected college, you will get it performed by WES (World Education Services), by paying a specific amount ($160 – $205). Ideally, you’ll want to get a Course-by-Course analysis from WES.

A number of American and Canadian universities settle for official analysis and conversion stories from WES. Right here is the hyperlink for the WES GPA Calculator.

CGPA to Percentage Calculation
Image Source: WES

For Indian Candidates WES Evaluation Might Not be a Level-Playing Field

Please be suggested, via the WES, you may not get a determine to really feel enthusiastic about, particularly, when you have obtained a proportion. In India, most of the time, it’s very onerous to get greater than 70% combination.

So, even after scoring 70 – 75% (which is definitely as robust as scoring 8.5 – 9.0 in India), you may obtain 2.9 or 3.3 when transformed to the US scale.

Many faculties in India grade/rating very stringently, because the minimal proportion required to move is 40 – 50% (or 4.0/5.0 CGPA). Within the US, you want a minimal GPA of two.75 to move. A GPA under 3.0 is taken into account to be poor, whereas a GPA between 3.0 and three.5 could be thought of under common. So, it’s like evaluating Apples with Oranges.

This will damage your MS admission probabilities at prime universities; particularly in case you are focusing on Ivy League faculties for MS from India.

For MBA purposes, prime B-Faculties like Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, Columbia Johnson, Chicago Sales space, Yale, and so on. don’t ask candidates to transform the Indian grades. They ask to report the CGPA or Proportion (awarded by Indian Institutes) as it’s.

Converting CGPA to GPA on US 4.0-Scale (Unofficially)

In case, you don’t want to transform your CGPA or Proportion to the 4.0-scale whereas making use of for MS or MBA, and also you simply want to know the place you stand, you possibly can use the next method:

Contemplate 100% as 100 factors and for the reason that US follows a 4 level scale, therefore 25 factors in proportion are equal to 1 level in GPA system. Now, divide your proportion by 100 and multiply by 4. For instance, in case your proportion is 90, then your GPA rating could be (90/100)*4 = 3.6.


Outcomes turn out to be necessary when research overseas alternatives since most universities demand your earlier educational scores together with utility essays and standardized check scores of GMAT, GRE, IELTS, TOEFL, and so on. to evaluate your candidature.

Whereas filling out purposes or whereas eligibility standards for a college, it’s essential to have come throughout the truth that whereas sure universities demand CGPA, there are others that anticipate percentages of your scores.

These phrases can appear complicated at first look and the method of developing with the correct scores may be intimidating, given how instrumental they’re to your purposes. You don’t want to fret anymore, listed below are some hacks on methods to convert CGPA to proportion together with CGPA calculator to ease the method for you.

Further Reading

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