Best Microbiology Books For B.Sc 1st Year Students and Bacteriology

Hey, here I am sharing the best microbiology books for B.Sc 1st Year Students. All of these books are necessary for first-year students. I also followed these books during my B.Sc and also follow to write my articles.

Many of you think that microbiology is a boring memorization subject, but believe me, it’s a very interesting subject. Microbiology gives us a good understanding of those infectious agents and the disease which we face in our daily life.


In 1st semester of B.Sc Microbiology you will study History of Development of Microbiology, system of classification, General characteristics of different groups such as virus, viroids, bacteria, algae, fungi, protozoa, etc.

In History of Development of Microbiology you will learn about;


In Systems of classification, you will study about Binomial Nomenclature, Whittaker’s five kingdom and Carl Woese’s three kingdom classification and Difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms 

In General characteristics of different groups you will study about


In B.Sc 2nd semester of Microbiology you will study about Cell organization, bacterial techniques, Microscope, Growth and nutrition, reproduction in bacteria, Bacterial Systematics, Important archaeal and bacterial groups.

Under microscope you will learn about;


For that, you need to select good books which will help you understand this essential material. Here is the list of best microbiology books for B.Sc 1st Students;

Best Microbiology Books For B.Sc 1st Year Students and Bacteriology 

1. Prescott’s Microbiology

Prescott’s Microbiology
Prescott’s Microbiology

Authors: Joanne Willey, Linda Sherwood and Christopher J. Woolverton


The author team of Prescott’s Microbiology continues the tradition of past editions by providing a balanced, comprehensive introduction to all major areas of microbiology.

This balance makes Microbiology appropriate for microbiology majors and mixed majors courses. The authors have introduced a number of pedagogical elements designed to facilitate student learning.


They also remain focused on readability, artwork, and the integration of several key themes (including evolution, ecology and diversity) throughout the text, making an already superior text even better.


  • Connect: A highly reliable, easy-to-use homework and learning management solution that embeds learning science and award-winning adaptive tools to improve student results.
  • Appropriate for microbiology majors and mixed majors courses.
  • Focused on readability, artwork, and the integration of several key themes (including evolution, ecology and diversity) throughout the text.
  • Evolution is used as an overarching theme throughout, uniting microbiological concepts and providing a framework upon which students can build their knowledge


  • Part One Introduction to Microbiology
    • Chapter: 1. The Evolution of Microorganisms and Microbiology
    • Chapter: 2. Microscopy and Specimen Preparation
    • Chapter: 3. Bacterial Cell Structure
    • Chapter: 4. Archaeal Cell Structure
    • Chapter: 5. Eukaryotic Cell Structure
    • Chapter: 6. Viruses and Other Acellular Infectious Agents
  • Part Two Microbial Nutrition, Growth, and Control
    • Chapter: 7. Microbial Growth
    • Chapter: 8. Control of Microorganisms in the Environment
    • Chapter: 9. Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
    • Part Three Microbial Metabolism
    • Chapter: 10. Introduction to Metabolism
    • Chapter: 11. Catabolism: Energy Release and Conservation
    • Chapter: 12. Anabolism: The Use of Energy in Biosynthesis
  • Part Four Microbial Molecular Biology and Genetics
    • Chapter: 13. Bacterial Genome Replication and Expression
    • Chapter: 14. Regulation of Bacterial Cellular Processes
    • Chapter: 15. Eukaryotic and Archaeal Genome Replication and Expression
    • Chapter: 16. Mechanisms of Genetic Variation
    • Chapter: 17. Recombinant DNA Technology
    • Chapter: 18. Microbial Genomics
  • Part Five The Diversity of the Microbial World
    • Chapter: 19. Microbial Taxonomy and the Evolution of Diversity
    • Chapter: 20. The Archaea
    • Chapter: 21. The Deinococci, Mollicutes, and Nonproteobacterial Gram-Negative Bacteria
  • Chapter: 22. The Proteobacteria
  • Chapter: 23. Firmicutes: The Low G ∙ C Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • Chapter: 24. A ctinobacteria: The High G ∙ C Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • Chapter: 25. The Protists
  • Chapter: 26. The Fungi (Eumycota)
  • Chapter: 27. The Viruses
  • Part Six Ecology and Symbiosis
    • Chapter: 28. Biogeochemical Cycling and Global Climate Change
    • Chapter: 29. Methods in Microbial Ecology
    • Chapter: 30. Microorganisms in Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems
    • Chapter: 31. Microorganisms in Terrestrial Ecosystems
    • Chapter: 32. Microbial Interactions
  • Part Seven Pathogenicity and Host Response
    • Chapter: 33. Innate Host Resistance
    • Chapter: 34. Adaptive Immunity
    • Chapter: 35. Pathogenicity and Infection
  • Part Eight Microbial Diseases, Detection, and Their Control
    • Chapter: 36. Clinical Microbiology and Immunology
    • Chapter: 37. Epidemiology and Public Health Microbiology
    • Chapter: 38. Human Diseases Caused by Viruses and Prions
    • Chapter: 39. Human Diseases Caused by Bacteria
    • Chapter: 40. Human Diseases Caused by Fungi and Protists
  • Part Nine Applied Microbiology
    • Chapter: 41. Microbiology of Food
    • Chapter: 42. Biotechnology and Industrial Microbiology
    • Chapter: 43. Applied Environmental Microbiology
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2. Pelczar Microbiology

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Authors:  Michael Pelczar, Jr. Chan ECS and Krieg NR.

This text by the well-known authors of ‘Microbiology: Concepts and Applications’ emphasizes the importance of integrating new knowledge gained through basic research with applied research and development programs.

One of the main features of this text is a presentation of the classification of bacteria in a totally new format.

Material on metabolism, bacterial genetics, and genetic engineering and reorganized the section on microorganisms and disease.


  • Part I : Introduction to Microbiology
    • 1. The Scope of Microbiology 2. The History of Microbiology 3. The Characterization, Classification, and Identification of Microorganisms  4. The Microscopic Examination of Microorganisms
  • Part II : Microorganisms-Bacteria
    • 5. The Morphology and Fine Structure of Bacteria 6. The Cultivation of Bacteria 7. Reproduction and Growth 8. Pure Cultures and Cultural Characteristics 
  • Part III : Microbial Physiology and Genetics
    • 9. Enzymes and Their Regulation # 10. Microbial Metabolism: Energy Production # 11. Microbial Metabolism: Utilization of Energy and Biosynthesis # 12. Bacterial Genetics
  • Part IV : The World of Bacteria 
  • 13. The World of Bacteria I : “Ordinary” Gram-Negative Bacteria 14. The World of Bacteria II : “Ordinary” Gram-Positive Bacteria 15. The World of Bacteria III : Bacteria with Unusual Properties 16. The World of Bacteria IV : Gram-Positive, Filamentous Bacteria of Complex Morphology Part V : Microorganisms-Fungi, Algae, Protozoa, and Viruses 17. Fungi-Molds and Yeasts 18. Algae 19. Protozoa 20. Viruses of Bacteria 21. Viruses of Animals and Plants
  • Part V : Control of Microorganisms 
    • 22. Control of Microorganisms by Physical Agents o 23. Control of Microorganisms by Chemical Agents  24. Antibiotics and Other Chemotherapeutic Agents
  • Part VI : Environmental and Industrial Microbiology 
    • 25. Microbiology of Soil 26. Aquatic Microbiology 27. Microbiology of Domestic Water and Wasteware 28. Microbiology of Foods 29. Industrial Microbiology
  • Part VII : Microorganisms and Disease
    • 30. Microbial Flora of the Healthy Human Host 31. Host-Microbe Interactions: The Process of Infection 32. Natural Resistance and Nonspecific Defense Mechanisms 33. Basic and Theoretical Aspects of the Immune Response 34. Assays and Applications of the Immune Response 35. Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases 36. Microbial Agents of Disease: Bacteria 37. Microbial Agents of Disease: Viruses 38. Microbial Agents of Disease: Fungi and Protozoa
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3. Principle of Microbiology

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Author: Ronald M. Atlas

This brand new textbook provides a general introduction to microbiology, emphasising the principles and then in light of those principles, carefully explaining chosen applications. 

Processes are explained first on the biological level and then on the chemical or molecular level, providing students with the whole picture of how processes occur. Each of the book’s seven units emphasises a specific principle of microbial life and is supported by a spectacular art programme.

This book can be used as a text-book for teaching of Microbiology at the undergraduate / Bachelor’s level (B. Sc. Microbiology). It covers all aspects from history, classification, diversity, methods for studying microbes, application of microbes, etc. in a well defined manner making the subject interesting to the readers.

The book is divided into seven parts and nineteen chapters. The illustrations and other information on contributions by renowned microbiologists is also very interesting.

The author is a well-known American Microbiologist who has spent decades teaching and researching microbial ecology. Enjoy reading!

Important Features:

Text is organised by principles of microbial activity; Applications are presented in light of these principles; Uses a clear, concise writing style that holds the reader’s interest; A unique chapter on methods introduces microscopy, plating and immunological methods that readers will use in the laboratory and in their careers; Over 450 new full-colour illustrations and over 350 micrographs.


  • Pt. 1. Scientific Study of Microorganisms.
    • 1. Development of Microbiology as a Scientific Discipline.
    • 2. Methods for Studying Microorganisms —
  • Pt. 2. Microbial Physiology — Cellular Biology.
    • 3. Organization and Structure of Microorganisms.
    • 4. Cellular Metabolism: Generation of Cellular Energy.
    • 5. Cellular Metabolism: Biosynthesis of Macromolecules —
  • Pt. 3. Microbial Genetics — Molecular Biology.
    • 6. DNA Replication and Gene Expression.
    • 7. Genetic Mutation, Recombination, and Mapping —
  • Pt. 4. Microbial Replication and Growth.
    • 8. Viral Replication.
    • 9. Bacterial Growth and Reproduction.
    • 10. Control of Microbial Growth —
  • Microorganisms and Human Diseases.
    • 11. Immunology.
    • 12. Epidemiology and Public Health: Disease Transmission, Diagnosis, and Prevention.
    • 13. Medical Microbiology: Pathogenesis and Pathology of Infectious Diseases —
  • Pt. 6. Applied and Environmental Microbiology.
    • 14. Microbial Ecology and Environmental Microbiology.
    • 15. Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology —
  • Pt. 7. Microbial Diversity.
    • 16. Microbial Systematics: Evolution, Phylogeny, and Classification.
    • 17. Bacterial Diversity.
    • 18. Archaeal Diversity.
    • 19. Biodiversity of Eukaryotic Microorganisms: Fungi, Algae, and Protozoa
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4. General Microbiology

General Microbiology
General Microbiology

Author: Roger Y. Stanier, John L Ingraham, Mark L Wheelis, Rage R Painter

The Beginnings of Microbiology/The Methods of Microbiology/The Nature of the Microbial World/Microbial Metabolism Fuelling Reactions/Microbial Metabolism: Biosynthesis Polymerization Assembly/The Relation between Structure and Function in Prokaryotic Cells/Microbial Growth.

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5. Microbiology: An Introduction

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Author:  Gerard J. Tortora, Berdell R. Funke, Christine L. Case

Master Microbiology where it matters. Everywhere.

An engaging and clear approach to learning complex microbiology topics and theory

Praised for its exceptionally clear presentation of complex topics, this #1-selling text for microbiology non-majors provides a careful balance of concepts and applications, proven art that teaches, and the most robust, dynamic media in MasteringMicrobiology.

The Twelfth Edition ofTortora, Funke, and Case’s Microbiology: An Introduction focuses on big picture concepts and themes in microbiology, encouraging students to visualize and synthesize tough topics such as microbial metabolism, immunology, and microbial genetics.

The text and accompanying resources also help students make connections between microbiology theory and disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

Also available with Mastering Microbiology

Mastering Microbiology is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment resource that helps students quickly master concepts and improve course results.

Students benefit from self-paced tutorials that feature immediate wrong-answer feedback and hints that emulate the instructor’s office-hour experience to help keep students on track.

With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.

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6. Brock Biology of Microorganisms

Brock Biology of Microorganisms
Brock Biology of Microorganisms

Author: Michael T. Madigan, John M. Martinko, David P. Clark, David A. Stahl.

The authoritative #1 textbook for introductory majors in microbiology, Brock Biology of Microorganisms continues to set the standard for impeccable scholarship, accuracy, and outstanding illustrations and photos.

This book for biology, microbiology, and other science majors balances cutting edge research with the concepts essential for understanding the field of microbiology.

In addition to a new co-author, David Stahl, who brings coverage of cutting edge microbial ecology research and symbiosis to a brand new chapter (Chapter 25), a completely revised overview chapter on Immunology (Chapter 28), a new “Big Ideas” section at the end of each chapter, and a wealth of new photos and art make the Thirteenth Edition better than ever.

Brock Biology of Microorganisms speaks to today’s students while maintaining the depth and precision science majors need.

A streamlined approach to master microbiology

Brock Biology of Microorganisms is the leading majors microbiology text on the market. It sets the standard for impeccable scholarship, accuracy, and strong coverage of ecology, evolution, and metabolism.

The 15th edition seamlessly integrates the most current science, paying particular attention to molecular biology and the genomic revolution. It introduces a flexible, more streamlined organization with a consistent level of detail and a comprehensive art program.

Brock Biology of Microorganisms helps students quickly master concepts, both in and outside the classroom, through personalized learning, engaging activities to improve problem-solving skills, and superior art and animations with Mastering™ Microbiology.

Also available with Mastering Microbiology.

Mastering™ Microbiology is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to improve results by helping students quickly master concepts.

Students benefit from self-paced tutorials that feature personalized wrong-answer feedback and hints that emulate the office-hour experience and help keep students on track.

With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.

Students, if interested in purchasing this title with Mastering Microbiology, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.



1. The Microbial World

2. Microbial Cell Structure and Function  

3. Microbial Metabolism

4. Molecular Information Flow and Protein Processing 


5. Microbial Growth and Its Control

6. Microbial Regulatory Systems 

7. Molecular Biology of Microbial Growth

8. Viruses and Their Replication


9. Microbial Systems Biology

10. Viral Genomics

11. Genetics of Bacteria and Archaea

12. Biotechnology and Synthetic Biology


13. Microbial Evolution and Systematics

14. Metabolic Diversity of Microorganisms

15. Functional Diversity of Microorganisms

16. Diversity of Bacteria

17. Diversity of Archaea

18. Diversity of Microbial Eukarya


19. Taking the Measure of Microbial Systems

20. Microbial Ecosystems             

21. Nutrient Cycles in Nature

22. Microbiology of the Built Environment

23. Microbial Symbioses with Microbes, Plants, and Animals


24. Microbial Symbioses with Humans

25. Microbial Infection and Pathogenesis

26. Innate Immunity: Broadly Specific Host Defenses

27. Adaptive Immunity: Highly Specific Host Defenses

28. Clinical Microbiology and Immunology


29. Epidemiology

30. Person-to-Person Bacterial and Viral Diseases

31. Vectorborne and Soilborne Bacterial and Viral Diseases                           

32. Foodborne and Waterborne Bacterial and Viral Diseases

33. Eukaryotic Pathogens: Fungi, Protozoa, and Helminths

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7. Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual

Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual
Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual

Author: James G. Cappuccino, Natalie Sherman.

Versatile, comprehensive, and clearly written, this competitively priced laboratory manual can be used with any undergraduate microbiology text―and now features brief clinical applications for each experiment, and a new experiment on hand washing.

Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual is known for its thorough coverage, descriptive and straightforward procedures, and minimal equipment requirements. A broad range of experiments helps to convey basic principles and techniques.

Each experiment includes an overview, an in-depth discussion of the principle involved, easy-to-follow procedures, and lab reports with review and critical thinking questions. Ample introductory material and laboratory safety instructions are provided.


Part 1: Basic Laboratory Techniques for Isolation, Cultivation, and Cultural Characterization of Microorganisms

1. Effectiveness of Hand Washing

2. Culture Transfer Techniques

3. Techniques for Isolation of Pure Cultures

4. Cultural Characteristics of Microorganisms

Part 2: Microscopy

5. Microscopic Examination of Stained Cell Preparations

6. Microscopic Examination of Living Microorganisms Using a Hanging-Drop Preparation or a Wet Mount

7. The Microscopic Measurement of Microorganisms

Part 3: Bacterial Staining

8. Preparation of Bacterial Smears

9. Simple Staining

10. Negative Staining

11. Gram Stain

12. Acid-Fast Stain

13. Differential Staining for Visualization of Bacterial Cell Structures

Part 4: Cultivation of Microorganisms: Nutritional and Physical Requirements, and Enumeration of Microbial Poulations

14. Nutritional Requirements: Media for the Routine Cultivation of Bacteria

15. Use of Differential, Selective, and Enriched Media

16. Physical Factors: Temperature

17. Physical Factors: pH of the Extracellular Environment

18. Physical Factors: Atmospheric Oxygen Requirements

19. Techniques for the Cultivation of Anaerobic Microorganisms

20. Serial Dilution – Agar Plate Procedure to Quantitate Viable Cells

21. The Bacterial Growth Curve

Part 5: Biochemical Activities of Microorganisms

22. Extracellular Enzymatic Activities of Microorganisms

23. Carbohydrate Fermentation

24. Triple Sugar-Iron Agar Test

25. IMViC Test

26. Hydrogen Sulfide Test

27. Urease Test

28. Litmus Milk Reactions

29. Nitrate Reduction Test

30. Catalase Test

31. Oxidase Test

32. Utilization of Amino Acids

33. Genus Identification of Unknown Bacterial Cultures

Part 6: The Protozoa

34. Free-Living Protozoa

35. Parasitic Protozoa

Part 7: The Fungi

36. Cultivation and Morphology of Molds

37. Yeast Morphology, Cultural Characteristics, and Reproduction

38. Identification of Unknown Fungi

Part 8: The Viruses

39. Cultivation and Enumeration of Bacteriophages

40. Isolation of Coliphages from Raw Sewage

Part 9: Physical and Chemical Agents for the Control of Microbial Growth

41. Physical Agents of Control: Moist Heat

42. Physical Agents of Control: Environmental Osmotic Pressure

43. Physical Agents of Control: Electromagnetic Radiations

44. Chemical Agents of Control: Chemotherapeutic Agents

45. Determination of Penicillin Activity in the Presence and Absence of Penicillinase

46. Chemical Agents of Control: Disinfectants and Antiseptics

Part 10: Microbiology of Food

47. Microbiological Analysis of Food Products: Bacterial Count

48. Wine Production

Part 11: Microbiology of Water

49. Standard Qualitative Analysis of Water

50. Quantitative Analysis of Water: Membrane Filter Method

Part 12: Microbiology of Soil

51. Microbial Populations in Soil: Enumeration

52. Isolation of Antibiotic-Producing Microorganisms and Determination of Antimicrobial Spectrum of Isolates

53. Isolation of Pseudomonas Species by Means of the Enrichment Culture Technique

Part 13: Bacterial Genetics

53. Enzyme Induction

54. Bacterial Conjugation

55. Isolation of a Streptomycin-Resistant Mutant

56. The Ames Test: A Bacterial Test System for Chemical Carcinogenicity

Part 14: Biotechnology

57. Bacterial Transformation

58. Isolation of Bacterial Plasmids

59. Restriction Analysis and Electrophoretic Separation of Bacteriophage Lambda DNA

Part 15: Medical Microbiology

60. Microbial Flora of the Mouth: Determination of Susceptibility to Dental Caries

61. Normal Microbial Flora of the Throat and Skin

62. Identification of Human Staphylococcal Pathogens

63. Identification of Human Streptococcal Pathogens

64. Identification of Streptococcus pneumoniae

65. Identification of Enteric Microorganisms Using Computer-Assisted Multitest Microsystems

66. Isolation and Presumptive Identification of Campylobacter

67. Microbiological Analysis of Urine Specimens

68. Microbiological Analysis of Blood Specimens

69. Species Identification of Unknown Bacterial Cultures

Part 16: Immunology

70. Precipitin Reaction: The Ring Test

71. Agglutination Reaction: The Febrile Antibody

72. Immunofluorescence

73. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

74. Agglutination Reaction: Mono-Test for Infectious Mononucleosis

75. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Rapid Immunodiagnostic Procedures

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8. Microbiology: Principles and Explorations

Microbiology: Principles and Explorations
Microbiology: Principles and Explorations

Author: Jacquelyn G. Black, Laura J. Black

Microbiology: Principles and Explorations has been a best-selling textbook for several editions due to the authors engaging writing style where her passion for the subject shines through the narrative. The texts student-friendly approach provides readers with an excellent introduction to the study of Microbiology. This text is appropriate for non-major and mixed major microbiology courses, as well as allied health, agriculture and food sciences courses.


1 Scope and History of Microbiology 1

  • Why Study Microbiology? 2
  • Scope of Microbiology 4
  • Historical Roots 9
  • The Germ Theory of Disease 11
  • Emergence of Special Fields of Microbiology 15
  • Tomorrow’s History 19

2 The Microbiome 25

  • Introduction to the Microbiome 26
  • Fat or Lean 26
  • Diversity of Microbiomes 27

3 Fundamentals of Chemistry 31

  • Why Study Chemistry? 32
  • Chemical Building Blocks and Chemical Bonds 32
  • Water and Solutions 36
  • Complex Organic Molecules 40

4 Microscopy and Staining 53

  • Historical Microscopy 54
  • Principles of Microscopy 54
  • Light Microscopy 60
  • Electron Microscopy 64
  • Techniques of Light Microscopy 70

5 Characteristics of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells 77

  • Basic Cell Types 78
  • Prokaryotic Cells 78
  • Eukaryotic Cells 97
  • Evolution by Endosymbiosis 103
  • The Movement of Substances across Membranes 105

6 Essential Concepts of Metabolism 113

  • Metabolism: An Overview 114
  • Enzymes 116
  • Enzyme Inhibition 118
  • Anaerobic Metabolism: Glycolysis and Fermentation 122
  • Aerobic Metabolism: Respiration 126
  • The Metabolism of Fats and Proteins 132
  • Other Metabolic Processes 133
  • The Uses of Energy 136

7 Growth and Culturing of Bacteria 142

  • Growth and Cell Division 143
  • Factors Affecting Bacterial Growth 152
  • Sporulation 161
  • Culturing Bacteria 163
  • Living, But Nonculturable, Organisms 170

8 Microbial Genetics 173

  • An Overview of Genetic Processes 174
  • DNA Replication 178
  • Protein Synthesis 179
  • The Regulation of Metabolism 187
  • Mutations 191

9 Gene Transfer and Genetic Engineering 205

  • The Types and Significance of Gene Transfer 206
  • Transformation 206
  • Transduction 208
  • Conjugation 212
  • Gene Transfer Mechanisms Compared 216
  • Plasmids 216
  • Genetic Engineering 220

10 An Introduction to Taxonomy: the Bacteria 232

  • Taxonomy: the Science of Classification 233
  • Using A Taxonomic Key 235
  • The Five-Kingdom Classification System 236
  • The Three-Domain Classification System 240
  • Classification of Viruses 244
  • The Search for Evolutionary Relationships 246
  • Bacterial Taxonomy and Nomenclature 249

11 Viruses 258

  • General Characteristics of Viruses 260
  • Classification of Viruses 263
  • Emerging Viruses 271
  • Viral Replication 274
  • Culturing of Animal Viruses 285
  • Viruses and Teratogenesis 287
  • Viruslike Agents: Satellites, Virophages, Viroids, and Prions 288
  • Viruses and Cancer 292
  • Human Cancer Viruses 292

12 Eukaryotic Microorganisms and Parasites 297

  • Principles of Parasitology 298
  • Protists 300
  • Fungi 307
  • Helminths 315
  • Arthropods 323

13 Sterilization and Disinfection 329

  • Principles of Sterilization and Disinfection 330
  • Chemical Antimicrobial Agents 331
  • Physical Antimicrobial Agents 341

14 Antimicrobial Therapy 353

  • Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 354
  • The History of Chemotherapy 355
  • General Properties of Antimicrobial Agents 356
  • Determining Microbial Sensitivities to Antimicrobial Agents 364
  • Attributes of An Ideal Antimicrobial Agent 367
  • Antibacterial Agents 367
  • Antifungal Agents 373
  • Antiviral Agents 376
  • Antiprotozoan Agents 378
  • Antihelminthic Agents 379
  • Special Problems with Drug-Resistant Hospital Infections 379

15 Host-Microbe Relationships and Disease Processes 385

  • Host–Microbe Relationships 386
  • Koch’s Postulates 391
  • Kinds of Diseases 392
  • The Disease Process 393
  • Infectious Diseases—Past, Present, and Future 405

16 Epidemiology and Nosocomial Infections 409

  • Epidemiology 410
  • Nosocomial Infections 431
  • Bioterrorism 439

17 Innate Host Defenses 445

  • Innate and Adaptive Host Defenses 446
  • Physical Barriers 446
  • Chemical Barriers 447
  • Cellular Defenses 447
  • Inflammation 456
  • Fever 458
  • Molecular Defenses 459
  • Development of the Immune System: Who Has One? 465

18 Basic Principles of Adaptive Immunity and Immunization 469

  • Immunology and Immunity 470
  • Types of Immunity 470
  • Characteristics of the Immune System 472
  • Humoral Immunity 478
  • Monoclonal Antibodies 484
  • Cell-Mediated Immunity 486
  • Mucosal Immune System 490
  • Immunization 492
  • Immunity to Various Kinds of Pathogens 501

19 Immune Disorders 508

  • Overview of Immunological Disorders 509
  • Immediate (Type I) Hypersensitivity 510
  • Cytotoxic (Type II) Hypersensitivity 514
  • Immune Complex (Type Iii) Hypersensitivity 518
  • Cell-Mediated (Type IV) Hypersensitivity 521
  • Autoimmune Disorders 523
  • Transplantation 527
  • Drug Reactions 530
  • Immunodeficiency Diseases 531
  • Immunological Tests 540

20 Diseases of the Skin and Eyes; Wounds and Bites 551

  • The Skin, Mucous Membranes, and Eyes 552
  • Diseases of the Skin 555
  • Diseases of the Eyes 569
  • Wounds and Bites 573

21 Urogenital and Sexually Transmitted Diseases 581

  • Components of the Urogenital System 582
  • Urogenital Diseases Usually Not Transmitted Sexually 585
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases 591

22 Diseases of the Respiratory System 613

  • Components of the Respiratory System 614
  • Diseases of the Upper Respiratory Tract 617
  • Diseases of the Lower Respiratory Tract 624

23 Oral and Gastrointestinal Diseases 650

  • Components of the Digestive System 651
  • Diseases of the Oral Cavity 653
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases Caused By Bacteria 658
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases Caused By Other Pathogens 669

24 Cardiovascular, Lymphatic, and Systemic Diseases 690

  • The Cardiovascular System 691
  • Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Diseases 692
  • Systemic Diseases 697

25 Diseases of the Nervous System 727

  • Components of the Nervous System 728
  • Diseases of the Brain and Meninges 728
  • Other Diseases of the Nervous System 737

26 Environmental Microbiology 754

  • Fundamentals of Ecology 755
  • Biogeochemical Cycles 755
  • Air 765
  • Soil 766
  • Water 770
  • Marine Environments 771
  • Sewage Treatment 778
  • Bioremediation 780

27 Applied Microbiology 785

  • Microorganisms Found in Food 786
  • Preventing Disease Transmission and Food Spoilage 793
  • Microorganisms as Food and in Food Production 799
  • Beer, Wine, and Spirits 804
  • Industrial and Pharmaceutical Microbiology 806
  • Useful Organic Products 808
  • Microbiological Mining 811
  • Microbiological Waste Disposal 812


  • A Metric System Measurements, Conversions, and Math Tools A-1
  • B Classification of Viruses B-1
  • C Word Roots Commonly Encountered in Microbiology C-1
  • D Safety Precautions in the Handling of Clinical Specimens D-1
  • E Metabolic Pathways E-1
  • F Diseases and the Organisms That Cause Them*
  • G Pathogens and the Diseases They Cause*
  • H parasites*
  • Glossary G-1
  • Index I-1
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